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Figure 1 | Health Research Policy and Systems

Figure 1

From: The utilisation of health research in policy-making: concepts, examples and methods of assessment

Figure 1

The Place of Policy-Making in the Stages of Assessment of Research Utilisation and Final Outcomes.


Direct lines within the flow or feedback

Indirect lines of communication

Primary Outputs – Publications, trained researchers

Secondary Outputs – Policies from national, local and professional bodies

Final Outcomes – Health and equity gains, cost-effectiveness and economic benefits

Source: Adapted from S Hanney, S Kuruvilla: HRSPA Project 4: Utilisation of research to inform policy, practice and public understanding and improve health and health equity. WHO/Wellcome Trust Technical Workshop. London, January 2002; and S Hanney et al 2000, Evaluation, 6, published by Sage [29].

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