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Table 1 Results of conceptual mapping of included references

From: Community-based organizations in the health sector: A scoping review

Coding categories All (n=186) Articles addressing mental health and addictions (n=50) Articles addressing HIV/AIDS (n=37)
Country focus    
i. High-income countries 162 (87.1%) 49 (98.0%) 30 (81.1%)
ii. Low- and middle-income countries 29 (15.6%) 0 (0.0%) 9 (24.3%)
iii. Not clearly stated 3 (1.6%) 1 (2.0%) 0 (0.0%)
Source of literature    
i. Journal 172 (92.5%) 39 (78.0%) 36 (97.3%)
ii. Book (whole or chapter) 4 (2.2%) 2 (4.0%) 1 (2.7%)
iii. Report/grey literature 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%)
iv. Dissertation 11 (5.9%) 9 (18.0%) 0 (0.0%)
Type of literature    
i. Systematic review 1 (0.5%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%)
ii. Review (not systematic) 8 (4.3%) 3 (6.0%) 3 (8.1%)
iii. Quantitative survey 48 (25.8%) 20 (40.0%) 5 (13.5%)
iv. Qualitative study 48 (25.8%) 15 (30.0%) 8 (21.6%)
iv. Case study 51 (27.4%) 9 (18.0%) 13 (35.1%)
vi. Theory/discussion paper 51 (27.4%) 13 (26.0%) 9 (24.3%)
vii. Commentary/ editorial 12 (6.5%) 2 (4.0%) 2 (5.4%)
viii. Document analysis 4 (2.2%) 2 (4.0%) 2 (5.4%)
Academic discipline    
i. Health systems, services and policy 59 (31.7%) 14 (28.0%) 13 (35.1%)
ii. Population and public health 58 (31.2%) 8 (16.0%) 19 (51.4%)
iii. Clinical and epidemiology 20 (10.8%) 6 (12.0%) 5 (13.5%)
iv. Social work 9 (4.8%) 1 (2.0%) 2 (5.4%)
v. Sociology 13 (7.0%) 2 (4.0%) 4 (10.8%)
vi. Political science 11 (5.9%) 2 (4.0%) 3 (8.1%)
vii. Anthropology 3 (1.6%) 2 (4.0%) 0 (0.0%)
viii. Psychology 8 (4.3%) 5 (10.0%) 0 (0.0%)
ix. Organizational/administration 37 (19.9%) 21 (42.0%) 2 (5.4%)
Terminology used to describe organizations    
i. Community-based organization 65 (34.9%) 5 (10.0%) 28 (75.7%)
ii. Non-governmental organization 18 (9.7%) 0 (0.0%) 6 (16.2%)
iii. Civil society organization 16 (8.6%) 0 (0.0%) 4 (10.8%)
iv. Voluntary organization 18 (9.7%) 0 (0.0%) 1 (2.7%)
v. Faith-based organization 3 (1.6%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%)
vi. Community mental health centre/organization 30 (16.1%) 30 (60.0%) 0 (2.6%)
vii. Other† 72 (38.7%) 16 (32.0%) 6 (16.2%)
Topics discussed    
i. Organization structure 67 (36.0%) 26 (52.0%) 11 (29.7%)
ii. Organization mandate 95 (51.1%) 21 (42.0%) 21 (73.0%)
iii. Organization type 15 (8.1%) 6 (12.0%) 4 (10.8%)
iv. Community development 10 (5.4%) 3 (6.0%) 2 (5.4%)
v. Community organizing 32 (17.2%) 4 (8.0%) 5 (13.5%)
vi. Community involvement 52 (28.0%) 14 (28.0%) 12 (32.4%)
vii. Community infrastructure 6 (3.2%) 2 (4.0%) 1 (2.7%)
viii. Social movements 2 (1.1%) 1 (2.0%) 2 (5.4%)
ix. Revenue 53 (28.5%) 13 (26.0%) 15 (40.5%)
x. Type/skill of staff 56 (30.1%) 19 (38.0%) 14 (37.8%)
xi. Networks/coalitions 87 (46.8%) 16 (32.0%) 17 (45.9%)
xii. Relationship with government (policy networks) 31 (16.7%) 6 (12.0%) 8 (21.6%)
  1. †See Table 2 for an outline of the terms used to describe organizations in each of the included articles.