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Table 2 Expenditure on chronic diseases

From: The financial burden from non-communicable diseases in low- and middle-income countries: a literature review

Authors# Countries Spending on chronic illnesses as a percentage of household income (%) Spending on chronic illnesses as a percentage of household total health expenditure (%) Spending on chronic illnesses as a percentage of household non-food expenditure (%)
Chuma et al. [38] Kenya (rural) Urban: 5.7   
Rural: 5
Goudge et al. [37] South Africa (Vulnerable households) 30–50   
Mondal et al. [40] India (West Bengal)   Urban: 4.14  
Rural: 5.73
Thuan et al. [20] Vietnam   27.7* (curative)  
11.1**
58.6***
Dror et al. [55] India (Maharashtra, Bihar and Tamil Nadu states )   32  
Sun et al. [16] China (Shandong province)    NCMS: 27
Non-NCMS: 47
Sun et al. [16] China (Ningxia province)    NCMS: 35
Non-NCMS: 42
  1. #All these studies used randomized samples. *For all households. **For households which had catastrophic health care expenditure. ***For households having health expenditure between 30% and 40% of their capacity to pay.