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Table 2 Key economic, health status, and health systems indicators for case study countries[8]

From: Promoting universal financial protection: evidence from seven low- and middle-income countries on factors facilitating or hindering progress

  Costa Rica Georgia India Malawi Nigeria Tanzania Thailand
Population (in thousands) (2009) 4,579 4,260 1,198,003 15,263 154,729 43,739 67,764
GNI per capita (PPP Int. $) (2009) 10,930 4,700 3,250 760 2,070 1,350 7,640
Poverty rate (% population living on <PPP Int. $1 per day) 2% 13.4% 41.6% 73.9% 64.4% 88.5% <2%
Infant mortality per 1,000 live births (2009) 10 26 50 69 86 68 12
Maternal mortality per 100,000 live births (2008) 44 48 230 510 840 790 48
Deliveries by skilled attendant 99% 98% 47% 54% 39% 51% 99%
Doctor per 10,000 population 13.2 45.4 6.0 0.2 4.0 0.1 3.0
Total health expenditure as % GDP (2008) 9.4% 8.7% 4.2% 9.1% 5.2% 4.5% 4.1%
General government health expenditure as % GDP (2008) 6.3% 2.7% 1.4% 5.5% 1.9% 3.3% 3.1%
Out-of-pocket payments as % total health expenditure (2008) 29% 67% 50% 12% 60% 18% 18%
External resources for health as % of total expenditure on health (2008) 0.1% 10.5% 1.6% 88.9% 4.6% 59.5% 0.3%