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Table 1 Selected economic, social and health indicators for Georgia for the years 1990, 1993, 2000 and 2003–2010

From: Promoting universal financial protection: health insurance for the poor in Georgia – a case study

  1990 1993 2000 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Economic Indicators            
GDP per capita (PPP$) 4,433 1,437 2,218 2,951 3,220 3,611 4,044 4,687 4,905 4,776 5,073
GDP growth (annual%)    1.8 11.1 5.9 9.6 9.4 12.4 2.0 -3.8 6.3
Public expenditure (% of GDP)    11.6 10.7 14.6 17.3 20.3 22.9 29.1 30.9 30.7
Population in 1,000 5,438 5,137 4,435 4,342 4,315 4,321 4,401 4,394 4,382 4,385 4436.4
Social and Poverty            
Subsistence minimum (average for household)      141.5 160.7 178.7 198.9 214.6 216.0 225.3
Poverty            
Share of population with less than 60% of the median consumption      24.6 24.1 23.3 21.3 22.1 21.0  
Share of population with less than 40% of the median consumption      10.9 10.1 9.4 9.2 9.5 8.8  
GINI coefficient    38.85 40.37   40.78   36.3    
Beneficiaries of poverty assistance (% of total population)         6.4 8.4 9.9 9.7
Health Status and Health System            
Life expectancy at birth 73 72 71.3 72.1 71.6 74.0 74.3 75.1 74.2 73.6 74.4
Infant mortality (per 1,000 live births) 20.7 27.6 22.6 24.8 23.8 19.7 18.4 14.1 14.3 14.9 12.0
Hospitalizations per 100 population 13.31 7.02 4.51 4.81 5.49 5.71 6.01 6.33 7 7.09 7.5
Outpatient visits per capita 8 5.3 1.4 1.8 2 2.1 2.2 1.95 2.1 2  
Health Financing            
Total health expenditure (THE) (% of GDP)    7.4 8.5 8.5 8.6 8.4 8.2 8.7 10.1 10.2
Public expenditure on health (% of THE)    16.7 15 15.4 19.5 21.6 18.4 20.7 23 23.1
Private expenditure on health (% of THE)        73 72.4 69.8 71.2 72.1
External expenditure on health (% of THE)        5.1 9.2 10.5 5.8 4.8
THE (year 2005 PPP$) per capita    141.7 232.9 262.1 302.9 339.1 384.6 433.0 499.0 510
Out-of-pocket expenditure (% of private health expenditure)    99.4 99.5 99.0 99.0 98.5 97.9 96.3 94.1 90.6
Prepaid health expenditure (% of THE)        22.7 19.9 23.3 27.2 29.9
Public expenditure on health (% of total public expenditure)    4.6 5.87 5.4 5.7 5.7 4.2 4.9 6.1 6.3
  1. Source: Geostat, National Bank of Georgia.