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Table 2 Relevant aspects regarding development, investment and scientific research in evaluated countries

From: National research for health systems in Latin America and the Caribbean: moving towards the right direction?

Country Context indicators National commitment to health and education General countries data expenditures and production of technology and knowledge Publications of scientific research
Human developmenta(IDH) Population (millions)b GDP (current in billions of US$ )c Public expenditure on health (%GDP)d Public expenditure on education (%GDP)e Expenditures on science and technology activities (per capita) US$f Expenditures on experimental R&D (per capita) US$g Patents granted to residents (by millions of individuals)h Royalties and license fees, receipt (by millions of individuals) US$i Researchers in R&D (by millions of individuals)j Scientific publications indexed by LILACSk Scientific publications indexed by MEDLINE (% of all publications indexed in MEDLINE)l Publications in all fields of science indexed by the SCI (No.)m Scientific publications in the health field indexed by SCI (No) (% of publications in all fields)n
2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 or last available year 2009 2009 2009 or last available year 2009 2007 2009 2009 2008 2008
Argentina 0.788 40.1 307.1 5.1 6 51.5 46.05 6.14 (2008) 2.7 980 1,051 2,456 (0.32) 6,197 3,531 (56.98)
Brazil 0.708 193.3 1,594.5 3.5 5.4 (2008) 130.53 88.84 1.76 2.2 657 15,945 13,335 (1.74) 26,482 17,792 (67.19)
Costa Rica 0.738 4.6 29.3 5.9 6.3 147.13 35.35 0.1 76 99 (>0) ..
Dominican Rep 0.68 9.8 46.8 1.9 2.3 2 (>0)
Ecuador 0.716 14,261.6 109.16 2.3 4.9 209.6 140.69 0 106 35 48
Guatemala 0,569 14 37.7 2.1 3.2 (2008) 1.49 0.07 0.9 29 14 27 (>0)
Honduras 0.619 7,449.9 27.65 4.1 0 1 35 11
Mexico 0.762 112 879.7 2.7 4.9 (2008) 31.61 32.39 1.9 353 508 2,949 (0.38) 8,262 4,329 (52.40)
Panama 0.76 3.5 27.7 4.3 3.8 (2008) 35.38 14.52   144 9 41 (>0)
Paraguay 0.651 6.3 14.2 2.4 4.0 (2008) 3.58 (2007) 41.9 .. 35 10 (>0)
Peru 0.714 28.8 126.9 2.5 2.6 0.8 35 10 (>0)
Uruguay 0.773 3.4 31.3 5.9 2.8 (2006) 61.68 40.12 0.45   189 194 (>0)
LAC 0.772      76.1 44.08 0.88 0.0** 443 (***) 22,035 21,954 (2.88) 48,791 30,478 (62.47)
  1. …Data not available.
  2. **Greater than zero, but not enough to be rounded to zero.
  3. ***Source: [25].
  4. aand bSource: [18]; cThe numbers were rounded. Source: [19]; dSource: [18]; eSource: [25]; fand gSource: [19]; hSource: [21]; iand jSource: [20]; kand lSource: [19]; mand nSource: [25].