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Table 4 Collaborations between the 13 Middle Eastern Arab countries and foreign countries in toxicological publications

From: A bibliometric analysis of toxicology research productivity in Middle Eastern Arab countries during a 10-year period (2003–2012)

Collaborating countriesa No. of documents Collaborating countries a No. of documents
MEA-MEA 116 (9.4% ) MEA-Asia-Pacific 137 (11.0% )*
Egypt 84 India 48
Saudi Arabia 79 Japan 29
United Arab Emirates 26 China 26
Kuwait 5 South Korea 15
Jordan 13 Pakistan 10
Lebanon 2 Taiwan 4
Oman 17 Australia 4
Qatar 9 New Zealand 3
Syrian Arab Republic 3 Bangladesh 2
Yemen 2 Hong Kong 2
Bahrain 1 New Caledonia 1
MEA-other Middle East, Africa 55 (4.4% )* French Polynesia 1
Turkey 14 MEA-Europe 178 (14.4% )*
Iran 9 United Kingdom 48
Tunisia 8 Germany 41
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 5 France 33
Sudan 5 Czech Republic 13
Ethiopia 4 Belgium 10
South Africa 3 Austria 9
Zimbabwe 3 Netherlands 8
Israel 2 Denmark 8
Algeria 2 Italy 8
Ghana 2 Spain 6
Guinea 1 Ireland 5
Nigeria 1 Sweden 5
Zambia 1 Finland 4
MEA-Americas 150 (12.1% )* Switzerland 4
United States 129 Hungary 3
Canada 36 Bulgaria 1
Puerto Rico 2 Serbia 1
Brazil 1 Slovakia 1
MEA-Southeast Asia 25 (2.0% )* Bosnia and Herzegovina 1
Malaysia 22 Romania 1
Thailand 2 Albania 1
Singapore 1 Poland 1
   Croatia 1
  1. MEA, Middle Eastern Arab countries.
  2. aThe study identified 471 (38%) documents with 56 countries in MEA-foreign country collaborations.
  3. *Total exceeds 38% as data are overlapping due to multi-country collaboration.