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Table 4 Summary of government and partner/civil society engagement to HIV M&E systems, data generation, and data dissemination/utilization for HIV M&E systems, and the HIV M&E System Capacity Index among low- and middle-income countries who completed NCPI questionnaires in 2006, 2008, and 2010

From: A decade of investments in monitoring the HIV epidemic: how far have we come? A descriptive analysis

   2006 2008 2010
   N1 Score N1 Score N1 Score
    (95% CI)   (95% CI)   (95% CI)
Government engagement
HIV M&E priorities determined through national systems assessment2 High-burden LMICs 22 100%
Other LMICs 53 72%
(59–84)
Functional national HIV M&E unit High-burden LMICs 20 93% 22 95% 22 98%
(81–100) (90–100) (93–100)
Other LMICs 42 69% 56 71% 54 76%
(56–82) (60–81) (66–86)
National HIV M&E Committee or Working Group that meets regularly High-burden LMICs 20 73% 22 82% 22 61%
(53–92) (71–93) (52–71)
Other LMICs 43 59% 56 63% 56 63%
(46–73) (53–74) (52–73)
HIV M&E human capacity plan at national, subnational, and service delivery levels2 High-burden LMICs 22 86%
(74–99)
Other LMICs 53 63%
(53–73)
HIV M&E trainings at national, subnational, and civil society levels High-burden LMICs 20 85% 19 88% 21 95%
(71–99) (75–100) (90–100)
Other LMICs 44 44% 46 61% 41 68%
(31–57) (51–71) (58–79)
Government engagement domain score High-burden LMICs 21 84% 22 89% 22 84%
(75–92) (81–96) (79–89)
Other LMICs 46 56% 56 66% 56 70%
(46–66) (58–73) (58–79)
Partner and civil society engagement
HIV M&E plan endorsed by key partners High-burden LMICs 14 93% 20 100% 21 95%
(77–100) (85–100)
Other LMICs 22 82% 46 91% 39 97%
(64–99) (83–100) (92–100)
Mechanisms to ensure major partners submit M&E data/reports to national M&E unit High-burden LMICs 19 53% 21 95% 21 90%
(28–77) (85–100) (77–100)
Other LMICs 34 65% 48 73% 36 83%
(48–82) (60–86) (71–96)
HIV M&E plan developed in consultation with civil society High-burden LMICs 16 75% 20 95% 21 95%
(51–99) (85–100) (85–100)
Other LMICs 31 81% 47 91% 39 92%
(66–95) (83–100) (84–100)
Perceived extent of civil society inclusion2 High-burden LMICs 22 61%
(53–68)
Other LMICs 53 52%
(45–58)
HIV M&E requirements of key partners aligned with national M&E plan2 High-burden LMICs 19 70% 21 68%
(60–81) (58–79)
Other LMICs 46 65% 37 71%
(56–76) (63–79)
Partner and civil society engagement domain score High-burden LMICs 20 66% 21 97% 21 94%
(46–86) (92–100) (88–100)
Other LMICs 36 70% 53 83% 43 91%
(56–84) (75–91) (84–97)
Data generation
HIV M&E plan includes data collection strategy High-burden LMICs 17 88% 22 100% 21 100%
(71–100)
Other LMICs 33 91% 52 96% 39 97%
(81–100) (91–100) (92–100)
HIV M&E plan data collection strategy components2 High-burden LMICs 22 98% 21 100%
(93–100)
Other LMICs 52 95% 37 96%
(90–100) (92–100)
HIV M&E plan includes well-defined, standardized indicators High-burden LMICs 17 94% 22 100% 21 100%
(82–100)
Other LMICs 34 88% 52 92% 39 92%
(77–100) (85–100) (84–100)
HIV M&E plan includes guidelines on tools for data collection High-burden LMICs 17 82% 22 100% 21 100%
(62–100)
Other LMICs 34 85% 52 88% 39 85%
(73–98) (79–97) (73–96)
HIV M&E plan includes strategy for assessing data quality High-burden LMICs 16 81% 22 86% 21 95%
(60–100) (71–100) (85–100)
Other LMICs 31 77% 51 71% 39 59%
(62–93) (58–84) (43–75)
HIV M&E plan includes data analysis strategy2 High-burden LMICs 21 95%
(85–100)
Other LMICs 39 77%
(63–91)
HIV M&E plan includes data dissemination and use strategy High-burden LMICs 17 82% 22 95% 21 95%
(62–100) (86–100) (85–100)
Other LMICs 32 88% 51 84% 38 79%
(75–100) (74–95) (65–93)
Functional national health information system (HIS) High-burden LMICs 20 80% 22 95% 22 95%
(61–99) (86–100) (86–100)
Other LMICs 45 87% 54 91% 53 85%
(76–97) (83–99) (75–95)
Functional subnational HIS High-burden LMICs 20 75% 19 100% 22 95%
(54–96) (86–100)
Other LMICs 42 81% 49 80% 46 78%
(69–93) (68–91) (66–91)
HIV program coverage monitoring2 High-burden LMICs 22 94% 22 94%
(88–100) (90–99)
Other LMICs 56 90% 56 92%
(85–94) (86–98)
Data generation domain score High-burden LMICs 21 81% 22 97% 22 97%
(67–94) (94–99) (94–100)
Other LMICs 46 86% 56 85% 54 82%
(79–93) (79–91) (75–88)
Data utilization
Extent of data usage (planning and implementation) High-burden LMICs 22 65%
(58–73)
Other LMICs 56 69%
(63–75)
Extent of data usage (developing/revising national AIDS strategy) High-burden LMICs 22 65%
(58–73)
Other LMICs 56 69%
(63–75)
Extent of data usage (resource allocation) High-burden LMICs 22 75%
(68–81)
Other LMICs 54 76%
(70–81)
Extent of data usage (program improvement) High-burden LMICs 22 73%
(64–82)
Other LMICs 52 69%
(64–74)
Annual HIV M&E report High-burden LMICs 21 86% 21 90% 22 91%
(69–100) (77–100) (78–100)
Other LMICs 46 74% 56 77% 54 80%
(61–87) (65–88) (69–91)
Data utilization domain score3 Top 30 LMICs
  Other LMICs
HIV M&E System Capacity Index
HIV M&E System Capacity Index Score High-burden LMICs 22 78% 22 94% 22 91%
(68–88) (90–97) (89–94)
Other LMICs 46 70% 56 77% 56 79%
    (62–78)   (71–83)   (73–84)
  1. Note: Confidence levels above 100% have been capped at 100%.
  2. 1Indicates the number of countries with a response for that question.
  3. 2Excluded from calculation of domain score, as question was not asked in all three reporting cycles.
  4. 3No domain score calculated, as only one question was asked in all three survey rounds.