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Table 1 Glossary of Health Policy and Systems Terms Used for Content Analysis

From: Health policy and systems research agendas in developing countries

Accessibility Health seeking behaviour, determinants of utilization, coverage, outreach, referral, barriers to care, willingness and capacity to pay, cost-sharing, price regulation, prices, equity in access, demand for health services.
Community participation Community-based strategies, community participation in governance, empowerment, school health, family health strategies, social support networks.
Costing & cost effectiveness Determination & evaluation of costs, cost-benefit of services, economic evaluation, cost-effectiveness of resource allocation, alternative uses for resources.
Decentralisation/local health systems Decentralization policy and process, impact of decentralization on services and health outcomes, district health system development, healthy cities, municipal health services, local government, devolution, community participation in local health services.
Disease burden Prevalence and incidence of diseases, mortality and morbidity, disease profiles, health status, health needs, burden of disease studies, risk factors, determinants of health and disease other than economic or social policy.
Economic policy and health Free trade agreements and health, TRIPPS and health, economic crises and health, impact of poverty reduction and adjustment policies on health, debt reduction and health, social policy and health, social assistance and health issues, intersectoral co-ordination, labour policies and health.
Equity Equity of health system, impact of health reforms on equity, equity and poverty, poverty targeting of services, poverty and health, exclusion.
Financing Financial mobilization, financial allocation, financing policies, national & district health accounts, financial equity, community health financing, financing of specific programmes.
Human resources Personnel management, deployment, migration, motivation, knowledge, attitudes and practices of health personnel, satisfaction, quality of life, human resource policy, human resource performance, traditional healers, training and education of human resources, medical education curriculum assessment, evaluation of medical and nursing teaching programmes.
Information, education and communication (IEC) Information and communication for the general public, health education strategies and impacts, knowledge attitudes and practices (KAP).
Information systems Information needs, informatics, surveillance mechanisms and systems, strengthening of information systems, health monitoring systems, establishment of public domain databases, development of indicators for service management and policy.
Insurance Risks and benefits covered by insurance schemes, community based health insurance, options for health insurance, insurance reform, impact of insurance on health and service outcomes.
Management & organization Health service provider performance, delivery of services, administration, service management strengthening, contracting and provider payment mechanisms, impact of privatization on services, performance agreements, impact of hospital autonomy on service delivery, stakeholders in service management, community participation in management.
Pharmaceutical policy & management Rational drug use, procurement, logistics, herbal medicine, dispensing practices, pharmaceutical regulation, national drug policy, essential lists.
Policy process Stakeholder analysis, role and relationships of actors in the formulation and implementation of policy, role of government agencies in policy formulation, role of community and NGOs in policy formulation, factors influencing policy process, perceptions of policy, decision-making processes, policy negotiation.
Programme evaluation Evaluation and assessment of impact of policies or programmes on specific diseases or services.
Quality Clinical practice guidelines, evidence-based medicine, quality assurance, patient satisfaction.
Research to evidence Health systems research training, health systems research training, outcomes of research, research impact, policy utilization and impact of research, research methods, creation of national HPSR database, priority setting of health research, research ethics, essential national health research, dissemination of research.
Sector Analysis Health sector reforms and implications, health systems development, private health service development, intersectoral collaboration and co-ordination, public/private mix health care, health care organization, regulation, policy formulation on specific diseases, on programmes or on aspects of the health system, sector-wide and system-wide performance.