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Table 1 A framework for describing and considering approaches to consumer involvement*

From: SUPPORT Tools for evidence-informed health Policymaking (STP) 15: Engaging the public in evidence-informed policymaking

Characteristics of different approaches Examples
Degree of consumer involvement • Consultation
  • Collaboration
  • Consumer control
Forum for communication • Written consultation
  • Interviews
  • Focus groups
  • Consumer panels
  • Committee membership
Involvement in decision making • No involvement
  • Implicit involvement
  • Explicit involvement
Recruitment • Targeted, personal invitations
  • Wide advertising
  • Use of mass media
  • Contact by telephone, mail or email
Training and support • Education (e.g. workshops)
  • Counselling
  • Mentoring
  • Introduction days
Financial support • No financial support
  • Reimbursement of expenses
  • Fee or honoraria
  1. * Adapted from Oliver and colleagues [4]