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Table 1 Modeling studies

From: Do clinical guidelines reduce clinician dependent costs?

Reference/Design Country/setting Inclusion criteria/intervention Degree of financial saving LOE
Zurovac et-al. (2006); Modeling study/Secondary data[12] Kenya Malaria microscopy is a potential solution to increase diagnostic specificity and overcome the problem of malaria over diagnosis Costs of antimalarials decreased by 54% and those antibiotics increased by 5% 5
Boulanger et-al. (1999); Cross-sectional survey[13] Kenya IMCI guidelines would change drug prescribing behaviour Compliance with guidelines could have reduced the cost of treatment by 42% 5
Kolstad et-al. (1998); Cross-sectional survey[14] Uganda IMCI guidelines would change drug prescribing behaviour Use of IMCI could reduced costs of medication to US$0.17 per child from US$0.82 (A reduction of 80%) 5
Khan et-al. (2002); Cross-sectional survey[15] Bangladesh IMCI guidelines would change drug prescribing behaviour Adoption of IMCI would reduce costs by 34% 5
  1. LOE: Oxford Centre for evidence - Based Medicine level of evidence (May 2001)[10]