Skip to main content

Table 4 Effects of clinical guidelines as provided by standardized mean differences

From: Do clinical guidelines reduce clinician dependent costs?

Intervention Source Standardized mean difference (intervention and control) Statistically significant
Educational materials Randomized controlled trial + 0.25 Not Significant
  Cluster allocated controlled clinical trial None Not applicable
  Controlled before and after study +0.53 Significant
Educational Meetings Randomized controlled trial None Not applicable
  Cluster allocated controlled clinical trial None Not applicable
  Controlled before and after study None Not applicable
Audits and feedbacks Randomized controlled trial None Not applicable
  Cluster allocated controlled clinical trial +0.2 CCT
  Controlled before and after study None CBA
Reminders Randomized controlled trial -0.28 Not Ascertained
  Cluster allocated controlled clinical trial None Not applicable
  Controlled before and after study +0.15 Not Significant
Patient directed interventions Randomized controlled trial -0.67 Significant
  Cluster allocated controlled clinical trial +6.00 Significant
  Controlled before and after study +9.00 Significant
Other organizational interventions Randomized controlled trial +0.31 Significant
  Cluster allocated controlled clinical trial None Not applicable
  Controlled before and after study -0.21 Significant
  1. RCT: Randomized controlled trial, CBA: Controlled before and after study, CCT: Cluster allocated controlled clinical trial.