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Table 2 Bacteriologic specimens and strains isolated by the National Reference Laboratory 2005 to 2007

From: Strengthening systems for communicable disease surveillance: creating a laboratory network in Rwanda

   2005 2006 2007
Suspected outbreak Specimen type Number of specimens received Number of confirmed isolates Number of specimens received Number of confirmed isolates Number of specimens received Number of confirmed isolates
Cholera Stool 46 3 V. cholerae 01 Ogawa
8 V. cholerae 01 Inaba
17 2 V. Cholerae 01 Ogawa 110 8 V. cholerae 01 Ogawa
1 V. cholerae 01 Hikojima
Dysentery Stool 11 None None None 110 (same specimens as for cholera) 4 E. coli 0157: H7 1 Shigella flexneri 1 Shigella sonnei
Measles Blood 188 0 measles
28 rubella
187 42 measles
23 rubella
132 12 measles
18 rubella
Typhoid fever Blood 42 8 Salmonella typhi
1 Salmonella. paratyphi B
44 3 Salmonella typhi
1 Staphylococcus aureus
132 3 Salmonella typhi
1 Staphylococcus aureus
Meningitis Cerebro-spinal fluid 20 2 N. meningitidis
5 Streptococcus pneumoniae
21 6 Streptococcus pneumoniae 22 6 S. pneumoniae
1 S. agalactiae
1 C. neoformans
1 C. albudis