Skip to main content

Table 1 Description of the tools used to identify research production and utilization

From: Mapping the use of research to support strategies tackling maternal and child health inequities: evidence from six countries in Africa and Latin America

Tool Characteristics Unit of observation Variables
A - Intended and unintended project impacts and influencing mechanisms within policy process Online survey including alternative email responses Principal investigators • MCH research organization and production
• Equity interventions described
• MCH research topic and outcomes
• Strategies for diffusion of evidence
B - Evidence use in the formulation of maternal and child health (MCH) policy and programs Template MCH policies and program documents • Policymaking bodies authors
• General objective of the MCH policy or program equity addressed
• Government unit that has made the decision
• Impact on the health system
• Type of intervention (single intervention to cross-cutting health system elements)
• Research literature refers (implicit references and explicit references)
• Ways in which research results had been used within policy process (symbolic, instrumental or conceptual)
Includes handbook
C - Perspective of policymakers or program managers about the influence of MCH research production on MCH policy and programs Semi-structured interview Policymakers and program managers • Institution’s role in the MCH policy or program
• Main institutions working on and supporting the policy and program formulation and execution
• Strength and relevance of MCH research in the policy formulation
• Research sources used
• When has the use of information based on MCH research been most important (agenda setting, policy formulation, policy implementation or policy assessment)
• Type of interventions in equity
• Main characteristics of the MCH research that made it useful
Includes handbook
D - Strength and relevance nationally and internationally published country-relevant recommendations Template Scientific articles published in peer reviewed journals from 2009 to 2012 • Document identification
• Journal impact factor
• Institutions adscriptions
• Type of document
• Main subject of the paper
• Beneficiaries/issues of the document (demographic group; level of intervention; geographic topic; type of population)
• Main thrust or focus of the goals of the document in tackling inequalities
Includes handbook
  1. Source: Based on MASCOT internal document Deliverable D4.1 and MASCOT Methodological Guidelines. Available from: (