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Table 5 Results of generalized estimating equation regressions of health outcomes on change categories at health posts

From: Can a quality improvement project impact maternal and child health outcomes at scale in northern Ghana?

  Early ANC Skilled delivery Underweight infants
β (95% CI) β (95% CI) β (95% CI)
Wave 2b vs. 2a −0.0035 (−0.0580 to 0.0510) 0.0080 (−0.0443 to 0.0602) −0.0163 (−0.1294 to 0.0968) −0.0281 (−0.1381 to 0.0819) −0.0268 (−0.1359 to 0.0823) −0.0049 (−0.0271 to 0.0173) −0.0044 (−0.0267 to 0.0179)
Early ANC change 0.1316 (−0.0320 to 0.2951)   0.3540 (0.1097 to 0.5983)**     
Early ANC trend 0.0001 (−0.0000 to 0.0003)   0.0003 (0.0000 to 0.0006)*     
Four or more ANC visits change   0.0836 (−0.0769 to 0.2441)   0.2882 (0.0470 to 0.5293)*    
Four or more ANC visits trend   0.0002 (−0.0000 to 0.0003)   0.0002 (−0.0000 to 0.0005)    
Skilled delivery change      0.2822 (0.0671 to 0.4973)*   
Skilled delivery trend      0.0003 (0.0000 to 0.0005)*   
PNC on day 1 or 2 change       0.0667 (0.0209 to 0.1124)**  
PNC on day 1 or 2 trend       0.0000 (−0.0000 to 0.0001)  
PNC on day 6 or 7 change        0.0578 (0.0141 to 0.1015)**
PNC on day 6 or 7 trend        0.0000 (−0.0000 to 0.0001)
Constant 0.2305 (0.1765 to 0.2845)*** 0.2233 (0.1693 to 0.2774)*** 0.1465 (0.0517 to 0.2413)** 0.1458 (0.0513 to 0.2403)** 0.1348 (0.0394 to 0.2301)** 0.0400 (0.0203 to 0.0597)*** 0.0387 (0.0188 to 0.0585)***
n 4902 4902 3923 3923 3923 4154 4154
  1. All models control for project officer, government vs. catholic facility, insurance status, profession of QI team leader, and number of QI team members
  2. ANC antenatal care, PNC postnatal care
  3. * P < 0.05; ** P < 0.01; *** P < 0.001