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Table 7 Results of generalized estimating equation regressions of health outcomes on change categories at health centres

From: Can a quality improvement project impact maternal and child health outcomes at scale in northern Ghana?

  Early ANC Skilled delivery Underweight Infants
β (95% CI) β (95% CI) β (95% CI)
Wave 2b vs. 2a 0.0016 (–0.0466 to 0.0497) –0.0068 (–0.0542 to 0.0407) 0.0079 (–0.1083 to 0.1241) –0.0180 (–0.1334 to 0.0975) –0.0112 (–0.1255 to 0.1032) –0.0195 (–0.0364 to –0.0026)* 0.0196 (–0.0366 to –0.0026)*
Early ANC change –0.0519 (–0.1456 to 0.0418)   0.0045 (–0.1593 to 0.1683)     
Early ANC trend –0.0001 (–0.0002 to 0.0000)   0.0000 (–0.0002 to 0.0002)     
Four or more ANC visits change   –0.0676 (–0.1468 to 0.0116)   0.0136 (–0.1318 to 0.1590)    
Four or more ANC visits trend   –0.0001 (–0.0002 to 0.0000)   0.0000 (–0.0002 to 0.0002)    
Skilled delivery change      –0.0317 (–0.1685 to 0.1052)   
Skilled delivery trend      0.0000 (–0.0002 to 0.0002)   
PNC on day 1 or 2 change       0.0701 (0.0436 to 0.0967)***  
PNC on day 1 or 2 trend       0.0001 (0.0000 to 0.0001)***  
PNC on day 6 or 7 change        0.0452 (0.0216 to 0.0688)***
PNC on day 6 or 7 trend        0.0000 (0.0000 to 0.0001)**
Constant 0.2526 (0.2133 to 0.2919)*** 0.2538 (0.2142 to 0.2935)*** 0.2753 (0.1928 to 0.3579)*** 0.2688 (0.1834 to 0.3501)*** 0.2724 (0.1885 to 0.3563)*** 0.0425 (0.0281 to 0.0568)*** 0.0425 (0.0278 to 0.0571)***
N 6888 6888 6259 6259 6259 5272 5272
  1. All models control for project officer, government vs. catholic facility, insurance status, profession of QI team leader, and number of QI team members
  2. ANC antenatal care, PNC postnatal care
  3. * P < 0.05; ** P < 0.01; *** P < 0.001