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Table 9 Results of generalized estimating equation regressions of child health outcomes on change categories at hospitals

From: Can a quality improvement project impact maternal and child health outcomes at scale in northern Ghana?

  Underweight infants Under-five mortality
β (95% CI) β (95% CI)
Wave 2b vs. 2a 0.0000 (0.0000 to 0.0000) 0.0000 (0.0000 to 0.0000) 0.0000 (0.0000 to 0.0000) 0.0000 (0.0000 to 0.0000) 0.0000 (0.0000 to 0.0000) 0.0000 (0.0000 to 0.0000) 0.0000 (0.0000 to 0.0000) 0.0000 (0.0000 to 0.0000) 0.0000 (0.0000 to 0.0000) 0.0000 (0.0000 to 0.0000)
Health education change 0.0241 (–0.2843 to 0.3324)      0.0528 (–0.1509 to 0.2565)     
Health education trend 0.0001 (–0.0002 to 0.0003)      0.0001 (–0.0001 to 0.0002)     
Targeting primary providers change   0.0000 (0.0000 to 0.0000)      0.8415 (–0.3567 to 2.0396)    
Targeting primary providers trend   0.0000 (0.0000 to 0.0000)      0.0006 (–0.0002 to 0.0013)    
Triage change    0.0241 (–0.2843 to 0.3324)      0.0798 (–0.1135 to 0.2731)   
Triage trend    0.0001 (–0.0002 to 0.0003)      0.0000 (–0.0001 to 0.0002)   
Training change     0.2223 (–0.1437 to 0.5883)      0.1525 (–0.3240 to 0.6289)  
Training trend     0.0002 (–0.0001 to 0.0005)      0.0001 (–0.0002 to 0.0005)  
Task shifting/nurse empowerment change      0.2558 (–0.1129 to 0.6246)      –0.0539 (–0.2073 to 0.3151)
Task shifting/nurse empowerment trend      0.0002 (–0.0001 to 0.0005)      0.0000 (–0.0002 to 0.0002)
Constant 0.0412 (–0.1164 to 0.1987)** 0.0406 (–0.1177 to 0.1989) 0.0412 (–0.1164 to 0.1987) 0.0099 (–0.1492 to 0.1691) 0.0220 (–0.1367 to 0.1808) 0.0687 (0.0232 to 0.1142)** 0.0687 (0.0296 to 0.1079)*** 0.0542 (0.0092 to 0.0093)* 0.0761 (0.0308 to 0.1215)*** 0.0678 (0.0197 to 0.1159)**
n 226 226 226 226 226 284 284 284 284 284
  1. All models control for project officer, government vs. catholic facility, insurance status, profession of QI team leader, and number of QI team members
  2. * P < 0.05; ** P < 0.01; *** P < 0.001