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Table 5 Informal interaction in local HEPA policymaking across the three country cases

From: Unravelling networks in local public health policymaking in three European countries – a systems analysis

DRIVING FORCE: INFORMAL INTERACTION
  The Netherlands Denmark Romania
Within local level Informal acceptance (5) • Sectors > City council • Regional public health service > Care and welfare organisations • Mayor > Executive chiefs sectors • Directors > Executive chiefs sectors • Municipality services > Sectors • Local authorities > Local organisations
  Direct communication (6) • Between Board of Mayor and Aldermen • Between sectors • City council <-> sectors • Local council <-> sectors • Local council <-> city council • Private partners <-> Board of Mayor and Aldermen • Private partners <-> Sectors • Private partners <-> Regional public health service • Between political committees • Between sectors • Directors <-> Mayor • Interest groups <-> City council • Patients organisations <-> City council • Patient organisations <-> Sectors • Local councils <-> Political committee • Local councils > Sectors • Between local organisations • Local organisations <-> City council, County council, Sectors education and health • Between local organisations
  Project-based interaction (7) • Schools <-> Sectors • Interest groups <-> Sectors • Center of volunteers <-> Sectors • Private parties <-> Sectors • Local authorities <-> Local organisations • Between local organisations
Between local and regional level Informal acceptance (5)    • County authorities > Local organisations
Direct communication (6) • Within regional public health service • Regional sport service <-> Local authorities • Regional public health service <-> Regional sport service   • County council <-> County sector sport • Local organisations > County Council & Children Palace & Sector Health • County Sport for All Association <-> Local organisations
  Project-based interaction (7) • Regional public health service <-> Sectors • Regional sport service <-> Sectors   • Between county sectors County authorities <-> Local organisations County Sport for All Association <-> Local organisations
From national towards other levels Direct communication (6) • National Institute for Physical Activity and Sporta <-> Sectors • Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sports <-> National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, National Institute for Physical Activity and Sportsa, Youth on Health Weight, Health inspectorate, other ministries • Danish Health and Medicines Authority <-> Local authorities • Danish Nature Agency <-> Sectors • Ministry of Health <-> Local Government Denmark • Ministry of Health <-> Danish Health and Medicines Authority • Romanian Sport for All Federation <-> County Sport for All Association • Private sector and civil society <-> Local organisations
From national towards other levels Project-based interaction (7) • National Institute for Physical Activity and Sporta <-> Sectors   
  1. aSince January 2016: Knowledge Centre for sport Netherlands