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Table 2 Issues in selected studies from the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination database (n = 100)

From: Identifying priority technical and context-specific issues in improving the conduct, reporting and use of health economic evaluation in low- and middle-income countries

Issues Numbers of studies in which the issue is mentioned
Poor reporting 81
 Perspective of analysis not stated 37
 Price year not reported 37
 Decision model not described, if relevant 21
 Limited details on utility/disutility data 15
 Source of cost data not provided 12
 Discount rate for cost not provided 12
 Limited details on source of effectiveness data 11
 Limited details on disaggregated cost data 11
 Sources of effectiveness data not provided 7
 Not clear whether all relevant options were included 5
 Details on study population not provided 5
 Justification of the comparator was not provided 4
 The comparator was unclear 3
 Details of comparators were not provided 2
 Unclear whether discounting is performed for effectiveness 2
 Discount rate for effectiveness not provided 2
 Details on intervention is not provided 1
 Unclear whether discounting is performed for cost 1
 Limited details on currency conversion 1
No specific threshold applied 78
Incremental analysis not performed 41
Sensitivity analysis not performed 31
Health measures used not appropriate 28
All relevant evidence not included 17
Discounting of cost not appropriately performed 16
Sources of effectiveness should be improved 11
Some relevant costs are omitted 7
Charges used instead of cost 4
Sources of cost data should be improved 3
Discounting of effectiveness not appropriately performed 2