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Table 1 Summary of case studies

From: Opportunities for linking research to policy: lessons learned from implementation research in sexual and reproductive health within the ANSER network

Focus of research Region Partners Enabling factors Disabling factors Lessons learned Opportunities
Instituting comprehensive sexuality education in schools Ghana International funders, academic institutions, local non-governmental organisations (NGOs) Good multidisciplinary partnerships Lack of political interest; backlash due to conservative views of programme Understand the regional context and adapt key programmes and projects to acceptable language, that deliver the same quality but discourage backlash or conflicts with religious and traditional mores Stages 1, 4 and 5
Establishing a sexual assault care centre Belgium Health ministries, teaching hospitals, academic institutions Extensive background research on subject matter;
multidisciplinary team, including service providers and politicians;
extensive stakeholder engagement in all parts of the programme implementation process
Working with different political priorities and interests; this sometimes posed as a barrier for effective implementation Sexual and reproductive health and rights researchers should create strong communication channels between themselves, policy-makers and other relevant actors to ensure that they are accessible and can be easily reached; this approach fosters dialogue and is strategic for promoting translation of research findings and outcomes into policies Stages 0, 1, 4 and 5
Providing comprehensive care to gender-based violence survivors Kenya Ministry of Health, local NGOs, national hospitals and staff, international NGO and funders Long-term partnerships with stakeholders;
recognition as expert in the field; community engagement
Lack of resources and initial expertise or political interest Sustained multi-stakeholder engagement was necessary over a long period for the development of trust, this enhanced the implementation of the project Stages 1, 4 and 5