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Table 1 Health condition focus of publications on ASHAs (n = 122)

From: Taking stock of 10 years of published research on the ASHA programme: examining India’s national community health worker programme from a health systems perspective

Health condition focus Routine Special Total Health policy and systems research
Neonatal and child health    28 11
 • Integrated management of childhood illness [86, 88, 90, 156], pneumonia care [36], diarrhoea care [38, 39], other child health [105] 5 4 9 4
 • Home-based neonatal care [63, 93, 119, 138], other newborn health [94, 144, 150] 3 5 8 4
 • Immunisation [40, 46, 145, 148] 4 0 4 2
 • Nutrition (breastfeeding, infant and young child feeding) [97, 106, 115, 129] 1 3 4 0
 • Other: childhood developmental delay and disability [124], infant and maternal death tracking [113], pregnancy, delivery and infant death tracking [120] 0 3 3 1
Sexual and reproductive health, including maternal health    27 12
 • Maternal healthcare, including pregnancy detection, antenatal care, pre-eclampsia, timely referral [37, 64, 87, 101, 114, 136, 141], institutional delivery [52, 55, 92, 132, 133, 137], maternal death investigation [134] 12 3 15 11
 • Abortion and contraceptives [67, 107, 117, 118, 146] 1 4 5 1
 • HIV [79,80,81,82,83] 0 5 5 0
 • Others: uterine prolapse [95], cervical cancer screening [159] 0 2 2 0
Communicable diseases    13 3
 • Malaria [49, 54, 60, 61, 139] 3 2 5 3
 • Leprosy [48, 77, 78] 1 2 3 0
 • Visceral Leishmaniasis (kala-azar) [72, 73, 76] 1 2 3 0
 • Others: tuberculosis [104], filariasis [58] 2 0 2 0
Non-communicable diseases    8 2
 • Mental health [91, 110] 2 1 3 0
 • •Cardiovascular diseases [85, 125] 1 1 2 1
 • Multiple non-communicable diseases [122, 123] 0 2 2 1
 • Tobacco control [41] 1 0 1 0
Sub-total of all publications with a health focus 37 39 76 28
General ASHA work 41 5 46 45
Total 78 44 122 73