Skip to main content

Table 1 Challenges and costs in coproduced research

From: The dark side of coproduction: do the costs outweigh the benefits for health research?

  Challenges which may arise Costs
Developing mixed research teams Stakeholders not homogenous, and can disagree
‘Usual suspects’ can take over, where coproductive discussions are dominated by certain individuals
The research process may take more time compared to a traditional research process
Shared decision-making is threatened when process dominated by certain voices or interests
Framing research questions Stakeholders and researchers may have different priorities and values
Useful research can lack originality
Research can be co-opted by partners, for example, to justify status quo or historical decisions
Damage to interpersonal or organisational relationships
Damage to research careers
Damage to researcher independence and credibility
Collecting data Researchers may pressure stakeholders to allow their organisational resources to be used to facilitate data collection –e.g. using staff time or applying pressure for site access Damage to interpersonal or organisational relationships, particularly with more powerful stakeholders
Analysing and interpreting data Stakeholders may want to know which participant agreed to participate or what they contributed to the dataset
Stakeholders may want to help analyse the data
Violation of research ethics obligations
Researcher needs to train stakeholders and format data in an appropriate way to conform with research ethics obligations
Formulating recommendations May be little agreement about the importance of research
Researchers may be pressed to frame findings in particular ways
Findings are misrepresented
Damage to researcher independence and credibility
Disseminating research Researchers or stakeholders may be prevented from sharing unwanted findings
Stakeholders may want to share findings before researchers are ready
Damage to researcher independence and credibility
Damage to the credibility of the research process
Implementing change Tension between advocating for research, or advocating for policy/practice changes
Researchers show little interest in providing assistance with implementation efforts
Can damage relationship with practice or policy colleagues
Implementation of research findings fail