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Table 5 Comparison between models of research vs. guideline utilisation

From: Health promoter, advocate, legitimiser — the many roles of WHO guidelines: a qualitative study

Research utilisationGuideline utilisation equivalent
Knowledge-driven modelLinear interpretation of WHO guideline process
Enlightenment modelTools for advocacy and improving contextual factors
Problem-solving modelJustifying policy change
Political modelGuarantors of legitimacy
Interactive modelOne source of information in stakeholder engagement
Research as part of the intellectual enterprise of the societyIntertwined with multiple roles of WHO