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Table 3 Sociodemographic characteristics and catastrophic health expenditurea

From: The impact of National Health Insurance upon accessibility of health services and financial protection from catastrophic health expenditure: a case study of Savannakhet province, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic

Sociodemographic of respondents/householdsCatastrophic health expenditurePearson χ2
NoYesTotalP value
Gender of respondents
 Male41 (55.4%)18 (56.3%)59 (55.7%)0.936
 Female33 (44.6%)14 (43.8%)47 (44.3%) 
Marital status
 Single24 (32.4%)6 (18.8%)30 (28.3%)0.151
 Married50 (67.6%)26 (81.8%)76 (71.7%) 
Age
 18–3517 (23%)4 (12.5%)21 (19.8%)0.461
 36–4925 (33.8%)12 (37.5%)37 (34.9%) 
 50 or above32 (43.2%)16 (50%)48 (45.3%) 
Level of education
 Never attended school19 (25.7%)6 (18.8%)25 (23.6%)0.421
 Primary school28 (37.8%)10 (31.3%)38 (35.8%) 
 Lower secondary school or higher27 (36.5%)16 (50%)43 (40.6%) 
Size of household
 1–4 people (small)44 (59.5%)10 (31.3%)54 (50.9%)0.008b
 5 people or more (large)30 (40.5%)22 (68.8%)52 (49.1%) 
Level of income
 Less than 1 million LAK (US$120)17 (23%)13 (40.6%)30 (28.3%)0.046b
 1 million (US$120) to 2.5 million (US$300)20 (27%)11 (34.4%)31 (29.2%) 
 2.5 million (US$300) or more37 (50%)8 (25%)45 (42.5%) 
Chronic condition
 No34 (45.9%)15 (46.9%)49 (46.2%)0.930
 Yes40 (54.1%)17 (53.1%)57 (53.8%) 
Occupation
 Casual worker20 (27.0%)10 (31.3%)30 (28.3%)0.879
 Farmer13 (17.6%)7 (21.9%)20 (18.9%) 
 Street vendor24 (32.4%)9 (28.1%)33 (31.1%) 
 Labourer17 (23%)6 (18.8%)23 (21.7%) 
  1. aBased on the 2018 data collection in Kaysone Phomvihane district and Champhone district of Savannakhet province
  2. bStatistically significant at 95% confidence interval