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Table 5 Evidence on three win–win strategies from six governments

From: How and why do win–win strategies work in engaging policy-makers to implement Health in All Policies? A multiple-case study of six state- and national-level governments

 ForAgainst
Shared language win–win strategy
 CaseWithinAcrossWithinAcross
  CaliforniaStrongHighNo evidenceNo support
  EcuadorAdequateNo evidence
  FinlandLimitedNo evidence
  NorwayAdequateNo evidence
  ScotlandStrongNo evidence
  ThailandLimitedNo evidence
Multiple outcomes win–win strategy
 CaseWithinAcrossWithinAcross
  CaliforniaStrongHighNo evidenceNo support
  EcuadorLimitedNo evidence
  FinlandAdequateNo evidence
  NorwayStrongNo evidence
  ScotlandStrongNo evidence
  ThailandAdequateNo evidence
Public health arguments win–win strategy
 CaseWithinAcrossWithinAcross
  CaliforniaLimitedLowNo evidenceNo support
  EcuadorNo evidenceNo evidence
  FinlandStrongThin evidence
  NorwayNo evidenceNo evidence
  ScotlandNo evidenceNo evidence
  ThailandNo evidenceNo evidence