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Table 1 Three dimensions of institutionalisation (Adapted from Scott, 2011 [30])

From: A scoping review of the uses and institutionalisation of knowledge for health policy in low- and middle-income countries

  Regulative Normative Cultural–cognitive
Indicators Rules, laws, sanctions Certification, accreditation, standards/guidelines Common beliefs, shared actions, speech, logics
Affect Fear, guilt/innocence Shame/honor Certainty/confusion
Basis of legitimacy Legally sanctioned Morally governed Comprehensible, culturally supported
Basis of compliance Expedience Social obligation Shared (tacit) understanding
Logic Instrumentality Appropriateness Orthodoxy