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Table 4 Reported facilitators of knowledge translation (KT) as reported by low- and middle-income country (LMIC) researchers

From: Review of published evidence on knowledge translation capacity, practice and support among researchers and research institutions in low- and middle-income countries

Facilitators Papers citing issue
Political context
 Political and institutional requirements to the use of evidence [49,50,51, 57, 58, 61, 64, 65, 72]
 Favourable political environment [49,50,51, 57,58,59, 64, 68, 80, 84]
KT knowledge and skills of target audiences
 Training/sensitisation of target audiences, e.g. policy-makers, communities, media etc. [56,57,58, 60, 62, 64, 74, 78, 81, 82]
 Technical support to policy-makers and implementers [43, 48, 78, 81]
Research availability, accessibility and relevance
 Timely research [48, 49, 58, 61, 64, 65, 71, 72, 85, 87, 127]
 Availability of policy-relevant research [43, 50, 57, 64,65,66, 71,72,73, 77, 80,81,82, 87]
Researcher/target audience collaboration and networking
 Researchers collaborating with policy-makers and other stakeholders [49,50,51, 53, 54, 56,57,58,59,60,61,62,63,64, 66,67,68, 71, 73,74,75, 77, 78, 80,81,82, 84, 87, 89, 127]
 Researchers interacting with target audiences through existing networks or strategic alliances and championing issues [43, 49,50,51,52,53, 57,58,59,60,61,62, 64, 65, 67, 70,71,72, 74, 75, 77, 78, 80, 82, 84, 85, 127]
 Researcher interacting with research users through informal networks and personal relationships [37, 49, 50, 58, 59, 62, 71, 72, 74, 85]
 Trust between policy-makers and researchers [49, 50, 62, 66, 67, 71, 73, 74, 82]
 Target audiences involved at various stages of the research process [43, 48, 50, 53, 56,57,58, 63, 64, 66,67,68, 70, 71, 73, 78, 81, 82, 85]
 Researchers involved in policy formulation and implementation [58, 61, 67, 70, 72, 84]
 Researchers placed in key decision-making positions in government or in close proximity with national programmes [59, 67, 70, 75]
Research communication
 Targeted dissemination of research findings [49, 51,52,53, 56,57,58, 62, 63, 65, 68, 71, 74, 77, 80,81,82]
 Tailored messages for various audiences [50, 53, 57, 58, 63, 64, 67, 70,71,72, 74, 75, 77, 81, 82, 127]
 Framing of research findings in context [50, 53, 57, 58, 64, 67, 71, 77, 81, 82, 127]
 Media engagement activities, e.g. newspaper articles, TV and radio shows [43, 50, 62, 67, 82]
 Use of credible messengers/knowledge intermediary [48, 49, 50, 57, 58, 70, 71, 77, 84, 85]
 Use of policy windows [48, 50, 58, 67]
Funding
 Funding available for research and KT [50, 53, 56, 58, 59, 61, 62, 64, 66, 78]
  1. Table illustrates the facilitators of use of research findings commonly cited by researchers in the studies included in the review. A listed facilitator was considered commonly cited if it was reported in three or more studies