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Table 5 Recommended knowledge translation (KT) strategies as reported by low- and middle-income country (LMIC) researchers

From: Review of published evidence on knowledge translation capacity, practice and support among researchers and research institutions in low- and middle-income countries

Strategies Papers citing issue
KT knowledge and skills of target audiences
 Sensitise and train target audiences on the value of research use in decision-making and research methods [31, 50, 51, 56, 57, 62, 64, 67, 70, 74, 75, 78, 84, 85]
Research availability, accessibility and relevance
 Rapid response service, strategic consultancy and research commissions for policy institutions and donors/funders [49, 53, 57, 59, 61, 64, 67, 77, 87, 127]
 Produce a mix of research evidence, including operations research, systematic reviews, effectiveness and cost-effectiveness research, develop low cost innovations to improve practice, etc. [49, 53, 57,58,59, 61, 64, 67, 70,71,72, 74, 75, 77, 80, 81, 85]
Researcher/target audience collaboration and networking
 Establish strong links with institutions involved in the decision-making process in research [49, 57, 58, 60, 61, 64, 67, 72, 74, 75, 85, 88]
 Involve target audiences in the research process [53, 56, 58, 61, 62, 64, 72, 75, 77, 85, 89]
 Establish KT platforms or participatory workshops for discussing research findings [31, 53, 57, 75, 78, 88]
Research communication
 Tailor and target the dissemination of research [53, 55, 57, 58, 61,62,63, 71, 74, 77, 80, 86]
 Stakeholder analysis/analysis of policy-making process [49, 53, 61, 64, 67, 72, 80]
 Identify and seize windows of opportunity [53, 58, 62, 64, 67, 71, 75]
 Develop communication strategy [72, 82, 89]
Researchers’ KT knowledge, attitudes and skills
 Strengthen research and KT capacity [31, 49, 50, 57, 58, 67, 74, 85, 88, 89]
 Forge strategic partnerships with international research institutions [31, 70, 78, 84]
 Forge strategic partnerships with influential people, media and knowledge brokers [54, 57, 61, 67, 74, 80, 88, 89]
Research institutional support
 Strengthening institutional support and incentives for KT [57, 72, 74, 77, 78]
Funding
 More funding allocated to KT and production of policy-relevant research [31, 44, 49,50,51,52, 56,57,58, 62,63,64, 67, 68, 74, 75, 78, 80, 89, 127]
  1. Table illustrates the recommended strategies for improving the use of research findings commonly cited by researchers in the studies included in the review. A listed recommendation was considered commonly cited if it was reported in three or more studies