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Table 3 Key roles and the stakeholders assigned to them

From: Governing heatwaves in Europe: comparing health policy and practices to better understand roles, responsibilities and collaboration

Role Stakeholders
NHHAPs Interviews
Author Multiple authors collaborate such as ministry of health and care providers
One stakeholder takes lead (usually ministry of health)
Multiple authors collaborate such as ministry of health, public health and environmental agencies, research institutes and care providers
Number of authors can grow over time
Stakeholders from various sectors can contribute expertise
Activator National/regional authority, meteorological agency or public health agency
Possible to assign different activators for different alert levels
National or regional level stakeholder (e.g. meteorological agency, ministry of health, public health agency, regional authority)
Coordinator Multiple coordinators on different levels possible, e.g. ministry of health at national level, regional or municipal authorities, care providers and social institutions at lower levels
One coordinator takes lead
Multiple coordinators for different levels recommended, e.g. ministry of health at national level and regional/municipal authorities at lower levels
Evaluator Not always clearly assigned
Seemingly assigned to 1 type of stakeholder such as ministry of health, public health agencies, regional or municipal authorities, care providers
 ≥ 1 national level stakeholder such as ministry of health or public health agencies
Implementer Stakeholders at all levels, such as ministry of health, public health agencies, care providers, educational and social institutions, NGOs and community groups Municipal stakeholders such as municipal authorities, public health agencies, care providers, social institutions, NGOs
Informer Internal informers are national or regional level stakeholders (e.g. ministry of health, meteorological agency, public health agencies)
External informers are stakeholders at all levels (internal informers plus e.g. care providers, educational and social institutions, media, NGOs)
A national or regional level stakeholder (e.g. ministry of health, public health agency, crisis agency) develops and supplies information materials
Other stakeholders diffuse the information, such as media, meteorological agency, public health agencies, municipal authorities, NGOs
Monitor Stakeholders with access to relevant data such as meteorological agency, ministry of health, public health agencies and crisis agencies Stakeholders with access to relevant data such as meteorological agency, public health agencies, research institutes, authorities