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Table 5 Distribution of collaborations between direct grant recipients and collaborating institutions by income group in 2016

From: Resource allocation for biomedical research: analysis of investments by major funders

Direct grant recipient country’s income groupNumber of direct grantsCollaborating institution country’s income groupNumber of collaborations
High6669High14,364
Upper–middle2041
Lower–middle1338
Low956
Upper-middle105Upper–middle232
High103
Lower–middle34
Low16
Lower-middle78Lower–middle101
High84
Upper–middle12
Low15
Low66Low88
High78
Lower–middle11
Upper–middle8
Grand total6918 19,283
  1. Note: One direct grant can result in multiple collaborations. Various combinations and details (countries, institutions and diseases involved) of this analysis can be explored interactively on the Observatory’s website [12]