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Table 2 Review characteristics of included reviews (n=86)

From: A review of reviews on principles, strategies, outcomes and impacts of research partnerships approaches: a first step in synthesising the research partnership literature

First author Year Country Sub-area Research population Partnership term Type of reviewb Included documentsa Quality scorec Graded
Population health (n=34)
 Andrews [22] 2012 USA Smoking cessation Marginalized communities CBPR Integrative review 11 24.5 D
 Bach [23] 2017 Germany Epidemiology General population PR Scoping review 102 22 D
 Blair [24] 2009 USA Gerontology Elderly PAR Literature review 13 25 D
 Brizay [25] 2015 Switzerland HIV-related research People with HIV Combination Systematic review 149 23.5 D
 Catalani [26] 2010 USA Not specified Not specified CBPR Literature review 37 22.5 D
 Chen [27] 2010 USA Not specified General population CBPR Systematic review 101 24 D
 Cook [28] 2008 USA Environmental health General population CBPR Systematic review 36 25.5 C
 Commodore [29] 2017 USA Environmental research General population CBPR Literature review 33 18 D
 Coughlin [30] 2017 USA Obesity prevention Ethnic minority groups CBPR Literature review 16 21 D
 Cyril [31] 2015 Australia Not specified Disadvantaged populations Other Systematic review 24 27.5 B
 Dempsey [32] 2014 USA Mental Health People with mental illness/ disorder CBPR Systematic Review 38 21.5 D
 Eyles [33] 2016 New Zealand mHealth interventions Ethnic minority groups CBPR Literature review 9 19.5 D
 Forsythe [34] 2014 USA Not specified Patients with rare disease Other Systematic Review 35 29 A
 Harrop [35] 2012 USA Cancer research General population CBPR Literature reviewe 9 19 D
 Hergenrater [36] 2009 USA Not specified Not specified CBPR Qualitative review 31 18.5 D
 Hubbard [37] 2007 UK Cancer research People affected by cancer Other Literature review 131 19.5 D
 Jivray [38] 2014 Canada Mental Health People with mental illness/ disorder PR Scoping review 7 19 D
 Joss [39] 2016 Australia Disability Research People with disability Other Scoping review 27 21.1 D
 Krishnaswami [40] 2012 USA Health promotion Children and youth Other Systematic review 16 33 A
 Lesser [41] 2007 USA Not specified Vulnerable populations Other Literature review 25 15 D
 McVicar [42] 2013 UK Workplace stress General population PAR Scoping review 11 15.5 D
 Miller [43] 2012 Australia Cancer research Indigenous populations Other Narrative review 37 23.5 D
 Nitsch [44] 2013 Austria Health promotion General population Other Literature review 42 22 D
 Orlowski [45] 2015 Australia Mental Health Children and youth PR Systematic review 17 28 B
 Portillo [46] 2004 USA Nursing General population CBPR Literature review 30 16.5 D
 Salimi [47] 2012 Iran Not specified General population CBPR Systematic review 8 28 B
 Salsberg [48] 2015 Canada Not specified Not specified PR Critical review 54 19.5 D
 Snijder [49] 2015 Australia Not specified Indigenous populations Other Systematic review 31 31 A
 Speights [50] 2017 USA Not specified Ethnic minority groups CBPR Narrative review 28 18.5 D
 Stacciarini [51] 2011 USA Mental Health Minority populations CPBR Integrative review 20 18.5 D
 Stacciarini [52] 2009 USA Mental Health Ethnic minority groups CBPR Literature review 42 22 D
 Vaughn [53] 2013 USA Pediatric Children and youth CBPR Literature review 34 18 D
 Vaughn [54] 2017 USA Not specified Ethnic minority groups CBPR Literature review 161 21.5 D
 Wine [55] 2017 Canada Environmental research Not specified Other Scoping review 45 25.5 C
Health services (n=25)
 Adebayo [56] 2017 USA Not specified Vulnerable populations Other Systematic review 32 23 D
 Backhouse [57] 2016 UK Not specified Elderly PPI Systematic review 19 27.5 B
 Baines [58] 2018 UK Not specified Not specified PPI Systematic review of reviewse 90 20 D
 Brear [59] 2017 Australia Resource-constrained countries Not specified PR Scoping review 85 21 D
 Bush [60] 2017 Canada Health organizations Not specified PR Systematic mixed studies review 177 27.5 B
 Camden [1] 2015 Canada Rehabilitation care Rehabilitation patients Other Scoping review 19 25.5 C
 Concannan [61] 2014 USA Not specified Not specified Other Literature review 157 21 D
 DeLasNueces [62] 2012 USA Clinical trials Ethnic minority groups CBPR systematic review 19 24 D
 Domecq [63] 2014 USA Not specified Patients Other Systematic review 142 31 A
 Ehde [64] 2013 USA Rehabilitation care Rehabilitation patients PAR Literature reviewe 5 22 D
 Frankena [65] 2015 The Netherlands Not specified People with intellectual disabilities Other Literature review 26 24 D
 Gagliardi [66] 2016 Canada Not specified Not specified IKT Scoping review 13 28.5 B
 Ganann [67] 2013 Canada Not specified Ethnic minority groups PAR Literature review n.c. 15 D
 Greenhalgh [68] 2016 UK Not specified Not specified Other Literature reviewe 110 18 D
 Jagosh [4] 2012 Canada Not specified Not specified PR Realist review 276 26 C
 Manafo [69] 2018 Canada Not specified Not specified PPI Rapid review 70 28.5 B
 Nilsen [70] 2013 UK Not specified Not specified Other Systematic review 6 40 A
 Noh [71] 2016 USA Palliative Care People using palliative care services CBPR Literature review 18 21.5 D
 Nwanyanwu [72] 2017 USA Ophthalmology Not specified Other Systematic review 18 22 D
 Shen [73] 2012 Canada Not specified Parents Other Scoping review 10 33 A
 Smith [74] 2008 UK Nursing Service users Other Literature review n.c. 17 D
 Soh [75] 2011 Malaysia Intensive care Service users AR Systematic review 21 26 C
 Tricco [76] 2018 Canada Not specified Not specified Other Scoping review 91 31 A
 Vaughn [77] 2017 USA Not specified A variation of patient groups Other Literature review 103 21.5 D
 Vollmn [78] 2017 UK Forensic mental health services Service users Other Rapid review 23 25 D
Health and social science (n=16)
 Adams [79] 2012 Australia Not specified Indigenous populations Other Mini-literature reviewe 20 20 D
 Bailey [57] 2014 UK Not specified Children and youth PPI Systematic review 22 26 C
 Brett [80] 2014 UK Not specified Not specified PPI Systematic review 65 27 C
 Brett [81] 2012 UK Not specified Not specified PPI Systematic review 55 26 B
 Carter [82] 2015 USA Family planning General population Other Systematic review 11 22 D
 Crabtree [83] 2013 USA Natural disaster Vulnerable populations CBPR Systematic reviewf 14 22 D
 Dawson [84] 2017 UK Not specified Ethnic minority groups PPI Systematic review 69 26.5 C
 DiLorito [85] 2016 UK Not specified Elderly/ Dementia PPI Literature review 7 23 D
 DiLorito [86] 2017 UK Co-research process People with intellectual disabilities Other Systematic review 13 29.5 A
 Drahota [2] 2016 USA Not specified Not specified Other Systematic reviewe 50 29 A
 Haijes [87] 2016 The Netherlands Pediatric Children and youth PR Systematic review 24 25.5 C
 Jacquez [88] 2013 USA Not specified Children and youth CBPR Literature review 385 23 D
 Ragavan [89] 2018 USA Domestic Violence Domestic Violence survivors CBPR Systematic review 20 23.5 D
 Strnadov [90] 2017 Australia Inclusive research People with intellectual disabilities Inclusive research Literature review 52 22 D
 Trembley [91] 2017 Canada Not specified Not specified CBPR Framework synthesis review 8 26 C
 Viswanathan [92] 2004 USA Not specified Not specified CBPR Systematic review 123 32.5 A
Research ethics (n=7)
 Coons [93] 2013 Canada Not specified People with intellectual disabilities PAR Literature review n.c. 13 D
 Fouche [94] 2017 New Zealand Not specified Not specified AR Literature review 39 17.5 D
 Kwan [95] 2018 Canada Not specified Not specified CBPR Narrative review 40 13.5 D
 Mikesell [96] 2013 USA Not specified Not specified CBPR Systematic review 57 19.5 D
 Souleymanov [97] 2016 Canada Not specified People who use drugs CBPR Scoping review 25 24 D
 Tamariz [98] 2015 USA Not specified Not specified CBPR Literature review 10 26.5 C
 Wilson [99] 2018 Australia Not specified Not specified CBPR Literature review 48 24 D
Biomedical research (n=4)
 Shippee [100] 2013 USA Not specified Not specified Other Systematic review 41 20.5 D
 Tindana [101] 2015 Ghana Genomic studies Not specified Other Literature review 38 20.5 D
 Young [102] 2017 Canada Orphan drugs Patient with rare diseases Other Scoping review 150 25 D
 Yusuf [103] 2015 Canada Biomarker discovery People with mental illness/ disorder CBPR Scoping review 7 17 D
Total (86)        4395b   
  1. Notes: Full references of the reviews are included in supplementary file. Reviews are grouped into one of the five main areas: population health, health services, health and social sciences, research ethics, or biomedical research. If applicable, identified sub-area were listed under ‘sub-area’. The research population refers to the population that the research was focusing on (i.e. this may differ from the members of the partnerships). Not specified indicated that no specific sub-area or research population was identified
  2. n.c. not clear, CBPR Community-based participatory research, PAR Participatory Action Research, PR Participatory Research, IKT Integrated Knowledge Translation, AR Action Research, PPI Patient and Public Involvement
  3. aThe review type of is the review type (term) reported by the authors of the review. These labels should be interpreted with caution, as authors may have used different definitions
  4. bThe number of included documents is the total number of included studies and documents from grey literature search. The total number of documents (n=4395) may include duplicates, as we did not take into account that different reviews have included the same primary studies
  5. cThe mean of the total scores on the R-AMSTAR assessed by two independent assessors
  6. dThe percentile grades: grade A: ≥90%ile, grade B: 80–89%ile, grade C: 70–79%ile, grade D: ≤69%ile, in which grade A represents reviews with the highest quality and grade D represents reviews with the lowest quality
  7. eA mixed-method study
  8. fA thesis chapter and not published in a peer-reviewed journal