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Table 4 Key terms reported in the included reviews (n = 86)

From: A review of reviews on principles, strategies, outcomes and impacts of research partnerships approaches: a first step in synthesising the research partnership literature

Identified key terms Number of reviews Percentage (%) of included reviews (n = 86)
Community-based participatory research (CBPR) 30 35%
Community-based research (n = 1), Photovoice [as CBPR method] (n = 3)   
Overarching terms 19 22%
Community engagement (n = 5), community-based organisation engagement (n = 1), consumer engagement (n = 1), community participation (n = 1), patient and public engagement (n = 1), patient involvement (n = 1), patient engagement (n = 2), patient and service user engagement (n = 1), service user engagement (n = 2), stakeholder engagement (n = 3), user engagement (n = 1)   
Participatory research (PR) 8 9%
Participatory health research (n = 1), organisational participatory research (n = 1), participatory epidemiology (n = 1), participatory paediatric research (n = 1)   
Patient and public involvement (PPI) 7 8%
Peer research (n = 1)   
Participatory action research (PAR) 5 6%
Action research (AR) 2 2%
Integrated knowledge translation (IKT) 1 1%
Other terms 13 14%
Inclusive research (n = 2), co-research (n = 2), community-engaged research (n = 2), co-creation (n = 1), community–academic partnerships (n = 1), community–academic research partnerships (n = 1), participatory evaluation (n = 1), research partnerships (n = 1), collaborative research (n = 1), involvement in research (n = 1)   
Combination of termsa 1 1%
  1. Notes: The key term is the term used to describe the study aims, Methods and Results sections. This term may differ from the term used in the primary studies included in the review. Additional information: Viswanathan et al. [92] published a CBPR definition based on 55 articles. Drahota et al. [2] presented a consensus-based term and definition of community–academic partnership
  2. aThis review [25] focused specifically on a combination of terms for research partnerships