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Table 1 Details of study participants

From: Social media, vaccine hesitancy and trust deficit in immunization programs: a qualitative enquiry in Malappuram District of Kerala, India

Qualitative method of information collection Category of participants Participants
In-depth interviews (n = 34 participants, among whom n = 14 women) Government physicians Two; one per study area, both women
Private physicians Two; one per study area, both men
Homeopathic practitioners Four; two per study area, three women
Naturopathic practitioners Four; two per study area, all women
School teachers Four; two per study area, two men and two women
Religious heads All men
Muslim- Four, two per study area
Hindu- Four, two per study area
Christian- Four, two per study area
Communication experts Three men of a total of four
District officers Two females; one medical and one immunization officer
Focus group discussion (n = 218 participants, among whom n = 128 women) (1 FGD per group per study area) Caregivers of vaccinated children Mothers: 12 participants per FGD
Fathers: 12 in FGD 1 and 8 in FGD 2
Grandfathers: 10 in FGD 1 and 9 in FGD 2
Grandmothers: 10 participants per FGD
Caregivers of unvaccinated children Mothers: 12 in FGD 1 and 8 in FGD 2
Fathers: 10 participants per FGD
Grandfathers: 8 in FGD 1 and 12 in FGD 2
Grandmothers: 11 in FGD 1 and 9 in FGD 2
Private physicians 8 in FGD 1 and 9 in FGD 2
Public health nurses 8 in FGD1 and 9 in FGD 2
ASHA workers 11 in FGD 1 and 10 in FGD 2
  1. FGD Focus group discussion