Skip to main content

Table 2 Respondent characteristics—household survey

From: Using participatory action research to improve immunization utilization in areas with pockets of unimmunized children in Nigeria

Variables Caregivers' background characteristics (N = 420)
Baseline (N = 210) Endline (N = 210)
Ilara (n = 86) Ipara (n = 124) Ilara (n = 83) Ipara (n = 127)
Count % Count % Count % Count %
Religion Christianity 74a 86.0% 99a 79.8% 69a 83.1% 104a 81.9%
  Islam 7a 8.1% 22b 17.7% 10a 12.0% 22a 17.3%
  Others 5a 5.8% 3a 2.4% 4a 4.8% 1a 0.8%
Ethnicity Yoruba 75a 87.2% 113a 91.1% 64a 77.1% 113b 89.0%
Others 11a 12.8% 11a 8.9% 19a 22.9% 14b 11.0%
Employed Yes 16a 18.6% 26a 21.0% 17a 20.5% 24a 18.9%
Highest level of education None/preschool 22a 25.6% 11b 8.9% 6a 7.2% 7a 5.5%
Primary 31a 36.0% 42a 33.9% 18a 21.7% 26a 20.5%
Secondary 29a 33.7% 61b 49.2% 51a 61.4% 73a 57.5%
Higher 4a 4.7% 10a 8.1% 8a 9.6% 21a 16.5%
Literacy Cannot read at all 30a 34.9% 39a 31.5% 30a 36.1% 36a 28.3%
Able to read only parts of sentence 21a 24.4% 23a 18.5% 15a 18.1% 27a 21.3%
Able to read whole sentence 32a 37.2% 61a 49.2% 38a 45.8% 64a 50.4%
Other 3a 3.5% 1a 0.8% 01 0.0% 0 0.0%
Age of respondent (years)  <  = 20 10a 11.6% 8a 6.5% 3a 3.6% 5a 3.9%
21–30 34a 39.5% 50a 40.3% 37a 44.6% 55a 43.3%
31–40 26a 30.2% 53a 42.7% 26a 31.3% 55a 43.3%
41–50 10a 11.6% 10a 8.1% 13a 15.7% 10a 7.9%
 >  = 51 6a 7.0% 3a 2.4% 4a 4.8% 2a 1.6%
Variable   Baseline (N = 215) Endline (N = 213)
   Ilara (n = 88) Ipara (n = 127) Ilara (n = 84) Ipara (n = 129)
Sex of child Female 42a 47.7% 61a 48.0% 38a 45.2% 67a 51.9%
Male 46a 52.3% 66a 52.0% 46a 54.8% 62a 48.1%
Age of child (months) 0–11 23a 26.1% 28a 22.0% 21a 25.0% 29a 22.5%
12–23 23a 26.1% 36a 28.3% 21a 25.0% 34a 26.4%
24–59 42a 47.7% 63a 49.6% 42a 50.0% 66a 51.2%
  1. Values in the same row not sharing the same subscript are significantly different at p < 0.05
  2. 1Tests are adjusted for all pairwise comparisons (within a row) using the Bonferroni correction