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Table 3 List of selected projects and priority issues addressed

From: Decision-maker led implementation research on immunization: learning from low- and middle-income countries

Country Title Priority issue Level of study
Chad More responsive immunization services through tailoring for hard-to-reach populations in Chad Adapting and testing strategies or tools to assess the effectiveness of demand-creation communication District
Democratic Republic of the Congo Strengthening health information systems in support of national vaccination programs in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Programme management, monitoring and evaluation strategies National
Ethiopia How can the use of data within the immunization program be increased in order to improve data quality and ensure greater accountability? Health and immunization systems Regional
Ethiopia Lack of functional linkages and feedback mechanisms among different health facilities along with mobility of caregivers affects follow-up visits in utilizing the routine immunization services Health and immunization systems Sub-district (sub-city)
India Negative social media messages on vaccines: How can the resultant trust deficit between caregivers and health workers be overcome? A qualitative enquiry in Malappuram district of Kerala state in India Adapting and testing strategies or tools to assess the effectiveness of demand-creation communication District
Kenya Emerging hesitancy upon new vaccine introduction: tackling a most unusual barrier Demand and vaccine hesitancy Sub-district (facility)
Nigeria Increasing the utilization of immunization in Ogun state of Nigeria using participatory evaluation and action research Vaccination and coverage Sub-state (local government area)
Nigeria Potential role of civil society organization engagement for increasing the demand for and uptake of immunization services in Odukpani Local Government Area of Cross River state of Nigeria Demand and vaccine hesitancy Sub-state (local government area)
Nigeria Use of social actors to address contextual barriers for utilization of immunization services among caregivers of under-five children in urban slums of Yobe state, Nigeria in the context of Boko Haram insurgency Identifying caregivers’ barriers to immunization services in urban slum areas Sub-state (urban slums)
Pakistan Improving vaccine uptake in urban slums of Karachi, Pakistan—implementation research to explore and address supply- and demand-side barriers to routine immunization Identifying caregivers’ barriers to immunization services in urban slum areas Sub-district (urban slums)
Somalia Examination of ministry of health engagement barriers in demand-generation strategies and application of improved engagement in developing institutional capacity to increase vaccine immunization uptake in Puntland Health and immunization systems State
Uganda Process evaluation of community health facility-based microplan development and implementation in two districts in Uganda Programme management, monitoring and evaluation strategies District
Uganda Evaluating the role of leadership in transitioning vertical into integrated and sustainable district health programs—a case study of immunization in Luuka district, Uganda Health and immunization systems District
Viet Nam Governance of immunization program for children 0–23 months in Viet Nam Health and immunization systems Provincial