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Table 3 Selected indicators of HSciR performance

From: Governance of health research in four eastern and southern African countries

Country GDP (millions, current US$, 2016)a Population (thousands, 2016)a GDP per capita (current US$, 2016)a No. of publications per 1 million inhabitantsb No. of first author publications per 1 million inhabitantsb No. of trials per 1 million inhabitantsc GERD as a % of GDP d GERD per capita (in current PPP$)d Total R&D personnel per million inhabitants (full-time equivalent [FTE])d
Botswana 15,581 2250 6924 784.80 335.96 41.33 0.53728 86.56169 570
Kenya 70,529 48,462 1455 294.79 125.27 13.19 0.78578 19.06104 1029
Uganda 24,079 41,488 580 198.85 84.27 15.69 0.17043 2.93947 42
Zambia 21,064 16,591 1270 166.23 51.89 15.79 0.27819 7.7016 163
  1. a World Bank. Data from 2016 b Scopus (data publications published between 2008 and 2018) and SciVal (data from 2013 to 2017) c WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform and United States National Institutes of Health clinical trials database. Data from 2018 d United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics (category: science, technology and innovation). Data from most recent available year between 2005 and 2016
  2. GERD gross expenditure on research and development