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Table 7 Estimates with their standard errors of the ARIMA models for the years 1995 to 2017 for India

From: Future health spending forecast in leading emerging BRICS markets in 2030: health policy implications

  Health
spending
per capita ($)
Health
spending
per GDP (%)
Source of health spending Share of health spending
    Government
spending
per capita ($)
Prepaid
private spending
per capita ($)
Out-of-pocket spending per capita ($) Government
spending as share of total (%)
Prepaid
private spending as
share of total (%)
Out-of-pocket spending as share of total (%)
Model ARIMA(1,2,0) ARIMA(0,1,0) ARIMA(0,2,0) ARIMA(0,2,1) ARIMA(0,2,1) ARIMA(0,1,1) ARIMA(0,2,1) ARIMA(0,1,1)
Estimates (SE) AR1 = −0.61 (0.16)    MA1 = −0.55 (0.17) MA1 = −0.35 (0.19) MA1 = 0.73 (0.17)
Drift = 0.33 (0.15)
MA1 = −0.72 (0.15) MA1 = 0.64 (0.15)
Drift = −0.53 (0.18)
  1. ARIMA(p,d,q): Autoregressive integrated moving average model and (p,d,q) are the autoregressive order, the degree of differencing and the moving average order
  2. SE: standard error
  3. AR: Autoregressive parameter
  4. MA: Moving average parameter