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Table 9 Estimates with their standard errors of the ARIMA models for the years 1995 to 2017 for South Africa

From: Future health spending forecast in leading emerging BRICS markets in 2030: health policy implications

  Health spending per capita ($) Health spending per GDP (%) Source of health spending Share of health spending
    Government spending per capita ($) Prepaid private spending per capita ($) Out-of-pocket spending per capita ($) Government spending as share of total (%) Prepaid private spending as share of total (%) Out-of-pocket spending as share of total (%)
Model ARIMA(0,2,1) ARIMA(0,2,1) ARIMA(1,1,0) ARIMA(1,1,0) ARIMA(0,2,0) ARIMA(2,1,0) ARIMA(2,1,) ARIMA(0,2,0)
Estimates (SE) MA1 = −0.47 (0.19) MA1 = −0.67 (0.18) AR1 = 0.87 (0.09) AR1 = 0.49 (0.18)   AR1 = 1.33 (0.18)
AR2 = −0.50 (0.18)
AR1 = 1.32 (0.18)
AR2 = 0.52 (0.17
 
  1. ARIMA(p,d,q): Autoregressive integrated moving average model and (p,d,q) are the autoregressive order, the degree of differencing and the moving average order
  2. SE: standard error
  3. AR: Autoregressive parameter
  4. MA: Moving average parameter