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Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria

From: Measuring public opinion and acceptability of prevention policies: an integrative review and narrative synthesis of methods

  Inclusion Exclusion
Publication date range Published between January 2011 and March 2020 Published prior to 2011 or after March 2020
Language English Non-English language
Countries High-income, democratic countries in the Asia–Pacific, Europe (including Scandinavia) and the European Union, North America, Great Britain and/or OECD
Cross-country studies such as the ITC Study (including the above countries or pan-Europe)
Nondemocratic countries
Low- or middle-income countries
Countries outside the regions specified
Type of publication Original studies or empirical research published in peer-reviewed journals Letters
Opinion pieces
Grey literature
Unpublished research
Type of research Quantitative
Mixed methods
Study design Representative cross-sectional survey
Nonrepresentative (convenience) cross-sectional survey
Longitudinal or serial study
Focus group
Media analysis
Deliberative study (e.g. citizen jury)
Consultations / Delphi processes
Experimental studies (e.g., framing effects)
Systematic or other type of review
Population General population (“public”/citizens)
Children or adolescents
Policy-makers and practitioners
Healthcare professionals and clinicians e.g., doctors, pharmacists
Risk factors Improve diet, food or nutrition, including sugar-sweetened beverages
Physical inactivity
Alcohol use
Overweight and obesity
Tobacco use or smoking
Mental health and suicide
Illicit drugs
Injury prevention not linked to the included risk factors
Other public health topics (e.g. abortion, vaccination, sexual health/HIV)
E-cigarettes and tobacco cessation practices
Main outcomes measured by study Opinion, view, attitude, belief or support regarding primary prevention of lifestyle-related chronic disease, such as laws, regulation, policies, taxation, labelling, restrictions, bans, government intervention, or any other PSE change strategy Attitudes or beliefs about health, risk factors, diseases, conditions or treatment
Opinions or attitudes about secondary or tertiary prevention of chronic disease (such as views on weight loss interventions, smoking cessation/e-cigarettes, and pharmaceutical interventions)
Attitudes or beliefs relating to a process evaluation (implementation) of a programme or intervention
Health promotion or health education practices and programmes
  1. ITC International Tobacco Control Study, OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, PSE policy, system or environment