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Table 4 Types of stakeholders and level of involvement in multisectoral collaborations

From: A mixed-methods systematic review of suicide prevention interventions involving multisectoral collaborations

First author, year Types of stakeholders (Reimbursement) Activities* Co-ideation Co-design Co-implementation Co-evaluation
    Pre-implementation Implementation Post-implementation
Allen, 2009 [49] 1,3,5 Participated in focus groups to provide feedback on interview tools; community planning group facilitated by researchers developed programme and programme module activity N/A R, I N/A N/A
Braun, 2020 [35] 1,3 Co-created 7 short videos and participated in qualitative interviews N/A I N/A I
Brown, 2020 [36] 1,2,3 Attended workshops, provided feedback on appropriate apps I I N/A N/A
Bruck, 2018 [48] 1,2,3 Lay researchers participated in all 5 phases of the research process, participated in a process evaluation providing feedback C C C C
Chaniang, 2019 [47] 1,3 Generated ideas in discussion groups, advised on programme design and content, facilitated implementation, critiqued programme feasibility I R, I C I
Chowdhury, 2013 [37] 1,2,3,4,6 Participated in focus group to develop communication material and training modules; formulated and endorsed community intervention plan S I N/A R
Ford-Paz, 2015 [38] 2,3,4 Involved in choosing project topic, conducting focus groups, attended research meetings, recruited participants, participated in coding and analysis of qualitative data, presented results ideas to study participants, sought feedback from participants on research findings C N/A C C
Gryglewicz, 2014 [39] 1,3,4 Participated in advisory committee; identified and recruited research participants, discussed community concerns and needs, developed and reviewed educational materials, reviewed coding of qualitative data S, R C N/A R
Holliday, 2018 [40] 1,3 Determined the project topic, involved in grant writing, consulted on culturally appropriate terminology, attended research meetings, participated in events to promote project, oversaw whole of the project with university members, developed recruitment inclusion criteria and recruited participants, analysed data for accuracy C I C C
Le & Gobert, 2015 [42] 1,3 Provided feedback and approval on project proposal, served as tribal champion connecting researcher to tribal agencies, reviewed curriculum; provided feedback on modules, developed research design, protocol, obtained ethics approval S, R R R N/A
Mullany, 2009 [50] 1,2,3 Educated community on the surveillance system and trained stakeholders on how to complete forms, data processing, discussed research results and developed suicide prevention strategies, developed and standardized data collection process, reviewed research paper for publication N/A C C C
Nasir, 2017 [41] 1–5 Consulted on the review of gatekeeper training packages, assessed the content of gatekeeper programmes for cultural appropriateness, checked the validity and relevance of the research outcomes N/A I N/A R, I
O’Grady, 2020 [43] 2,3 Designed app, implementation and tested the product N/A I I R, I
Povey, 2020 [44] 1,3–5 Participated in advisory group, provided advice on engagement, recruitment, data collection, analysis and drafting of the resource N/A I, R C N/A
Skerrett, 2018 [45] 1–5 Provided advice and approved programme, participated in advisory group and steering committee, provided cultural governance, attended monthly meetings, met with evaluation team, participated in data collection and discussions on measures to use, provided feedback N/A R, I C I
Thorn, 2020 [46] 1,3 Develop social media campaign, test prototype N/A I N/A N/A
Total frequency of stakeholder types across research cycle 8 15 9 11
  1. *The number of individuals participating in each activity varied, and not all participants were involved in every activity
  2. Types of stakeholders: 1 = citizen/community, 2 = clinical staff, 3 = researcher, 4 = TSO, 5 = government, 6 = private entity
  3. Stakeholder role: R reviewer, I informant; S shaper, C central