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Table 2 Indicators that were chosen for inclusion in this study

From: Do German university medical centres promote robust and transparent research? A cross-sectional study of institutional policies

Indicators of robustness and transparency Traditional metrics
(1) Study registration in publicly accessible registries (e.g., DRKS [German Clinical Trials Register], Open Science Framework, German Animal Study Registry) (1) Number of publications
(2) Reporting of results (2) Number and monetary value of awarded grants
(3) Sharing of research data, code or protocol (3) Impact factor of journals in which research has been published
(4) Open access (4) Authorship order
(5) Measures to improve robustness