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  1. Content type: Research

    The Theory of Change (ToC) is a management and evaluation tool supporting critical thinking in the design, implementation and evaluation of development programmes. We document the experience of Future Health S...

    Authors: Ligia Paina, Annie Wilkinson, Moses Tetui, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Debjani Barman, Tanvir Ahmed, Shehrin Shaila Mahmood, Gerry Bloom, Jeff Knezovich, Asha George and Sara Bennett

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15(Suppl 2):109

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  2. Content type: Reseach

    Many effective innovations and interventions are never effectively scaled up. Implementation research (IR) has the promise of supporting scale-up through enabling rapid learning about the intervention and its ...

    Authors: Sara Bennett, Shehrin Shaila Mahmood, Anbrasi Edward, Moses Tetui and Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15(Suppl 2):108

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  3. Content type: Research

    Effective stakeholder engagement in research and implementation is important for improving the development and implementation of policies and programmes. A varied number of tools have been employed for stakeho...

    Authors: Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Upasona Ghosh, Rittika Brahmachari and Ligia Paina

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15(Suppl 2):106

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  4. Content type: Study Protocol

    There is growing recognition amongst health and medical research funders and researchers that translation of research into policy and practice needs to increase and that more transparency is needed on how impa...

    Authors: Penny Reeves, Simon Deeming, Shanthi Ramanathan, John Wiggers, Luke Wolfenden and Andrew Searles

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:111

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  5. Content type: Research

    In examining an initiative to develop and implement new cancer diagnostic pathways in two English localities, this paper evaluates ‘what works’ and examines the role of researchers in facilitating knowledge tr...

    Authors: Jon Banks, Lesley Wye, Nicola Hall, James Rooney, Fiona M. Walter, Willie Hamilton, Ardiana Gjini and Greg Rubin

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:103

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  6. Content type: Research

    In recent decades, evidence-based practices (EBPs) have been broadly promoted in community behavioural health systems in the United States of America, yet reported EBP penetration rates remain low. Determining...

    Authors: Ashley T. Scudder, Sarah M. Taber-Thomas, Kristen Schaffner, Joy R. Pemberton, Leah Hunter and Amy D. Herschell

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:102

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  7. Content type: Research

    The Population Health Intervention Research Initiative for Canada (PHIRIC) is a multi-stakeholder alliance founded in 2006 to advance population health intervention research (PHIR). PHIRIC aimed to strengthen ...

    Authors: Erica Di Ruggiero, Natalie Kishchuk, Sarah Viehbeck, Nancy Edwards, Kerry Robinson, Barbara Riley and Heather Smith Fowler

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:101

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  8. Content type: Research

    In several countries, attempts are made to improve health promotion by centrally rating the effectiveness of health promotion interventions. The Dutch Effectiveness Rating System (ERS) for health promotion int...

    Authors: Maarten Olivier Kok, Roland Bal, Caspar David Roelofs and Albertine Jantine Schuit

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:100

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Health Research Policy and Systems 2018 16:21

  9. Content type: Research

    An intervention’s success depends on how participants interact with it in local settings. Process evaluation examines these interactions, indicating why an intervention was or was not effective, and how it (an...

    Authors: Abby Haynes, Sue Brennan, Sally Redman, Anna Williamson, Steve R. Makkar, Gisselle Gallego and Phyllis Butow

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:99

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  10. Content type: Opinion

    Fragmented care results in poor outcomes for individuals with complexity of need. Person-centred coordinated care (P3C) is perceived to be a potential solution, but an absence of accessible evidence and the la...

    Authors: Helen M. Lloyd, Mark Pearson, Rod Sheaff, Sheena Asthana, Hannah Wheat, Thava Priya Sugavanam, Nicky Britten, Jose Valderas, Michael Bainbridge, Louise Witts, Debra Westlake, Jane Horrell and Richard Byng

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:98

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  11. Content type: Research

    The existing gap between research evidence and public health practice has attributed to the unmet Millennium Development Goals in Africa and consequently, has stimulated the development of frameworks to enhanc...

    Authors: Chikondi Mwendera, Christiaan de Jager, Herbert Longwe, Charles Hongoro, Kamija Phiri and Clifford M. Mutero

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:97

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  12. Content type: Research

    At the turn of the 90s, studies showed that health research contributed little to health and development in low- and middle-income countries because it was oriented towards international priorities and dominat...

    Authors: Maarten Olivier Kok, John Owusu Gyapong, Ivan Wolffers, David Ofori-Adjei and Elis Joost Ruitenberg

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:96

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  13. Content type: Research

    Discussions within the health community routinely emphasise the importance of evidence in informing policy formulation and implementation. Much of the support for the evidence-based policy movement draws from ...

    Authors: Helen Walls, Marco Liverani, Kannarath Chheng and Justin Parkhurst

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:95

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  14. Content type: Research

    Evidence-informed decision-making for health is far from the norm, particularly in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Health policy and systems research (HPSR) has an important role in providing th...

    Authors: Zubin Cyrus Shroff, Dena Javadi, Lucy Gilson, Rockie Kang and Abdul Ghaffar

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:94

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  15. Content type: Research

    Relenza represents the first neuraminidase inhibitor (NI), a class of drugs that also includes the drug Tamiflu. Although heralded as breakthrough treatments in influenza, NI efficacy has remained highly contr...

    Authors: Shai Mulinari and Courtney Davis

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:93

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  16. Content type: Commentary

    There is a critical gap between needs and available resources for mental health treatment across the world, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In countries committed to increasing resour...

    Authors: Mary Hawk, Vishwajit Nimgaonkar, Triptish Bhatia, Jaspreet S. Brar, Wafaa Abdelhakim Elbahaey, James E. Egan, Prasad Konasale, Supriya Kumar, Margaret C. McDonald, Ravinder Singh, Soumya Swaminathan, Joel Wood and Smita N. Deshpande

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:92

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  17. Content type: Research

    Despite the apparent benefits to teaching, many faculty members are reluctant to participate in medical education research (MER) for a variety of reasons. In addition to the further demand on their time, physi...

    Authors: Douglas Archibald, William Hogg, Jacques Lemelin, Simone Dahrouge, Mireille St. Jean and François Boucher

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:91

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  18. Content type: Research

    Focusing on healthcare referral processes for children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in South Africa, this paper discusses the comprehensiveness of documents (global and national) that guide the country...

    Authors: Faith Nankasa Mambulu-Chikankheni, John Eyles, Ejemai Amaize Eboreime and Prudence Ditlopo

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:90

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  19. Content type: Opinion

    This article examines the current status and most important changes over time to the legislative framework on the health technology assessment-informed decision-making process on diagnostic and therapeutic ‘me...

    Authors: Britta Olberg, Sabine Fuchs, Katja Matthias, Alexandra Nolting, Matthias Perleth and Reinhard Busse

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:89

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  20. Content type: Research

    In the funding of health research and public health research it is vital that research questions posed are important and that funded research meets a research need or a gap in evidence. Many methods are used i...

    Authors: S. Turner, E. Ollerhead and A. Cook

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:87

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  21. Content type: Research

    The Demand-Driven Evaluations for Decisions (3DE) programme was piloted in Zambia and Uganda in 2012–2015. It aimed to answer evaluative questions raised by policymakers in Ministries of Health, rapidly and wi...

    Authors: Sophie Witter, Andrew Kardan, Molly Scott, Lucie Moore and Louise Shaxson

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:86

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  22. Content type: Research

    Evidence shows that territorial borders continue to have an impact on research collaboration in Europe. Knowledge of national research structural contexts is therefore crucial to the promotion of Europe-wide p...

    Authors: Victor Stephani, Silvia Sommariva, Anne Spranger and Oriana Ciani

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:85

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  23. Content type: Review

    In order to understand and measure the policy impact of research we need a definition of research impact that is suited to the task. This article systematically reviewed both peer-reviewed and grey literature ...

    Authors: Kristel Alla, Wayne D. Hall, Harvey A. Whiteford, Brian W. Head and Carla S. Meurk

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:84

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  24. Content type: Opinion

    Evidence-based decision-making is an important foundation for health policy and service planning decisions, yet there remain challenges in ensuring that the many forms of available evidence are considered when...

    Authors: Louise Freebairn, Lucie Rychetnik, Jo-An Atkinson, Paul Kelly, Geoff McDonnell, Nick Roberts, Christine Whittall and Sally Redman

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:83

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  25. Content type: Editorial

    How can nations organise research investments to obtain the best bundle of knowledge and the maximum level of improved health, spread as equitably as possible? This question was the central focus of a major in...

    Authors: Stephen R. Hanney and Miguel A. González-Block

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:81

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  26. Content type: Research

    The establishment of international collaborative research partnerships in times of infectious disease outbreaks of international importance has been considered an ethical imperative. Frail health research syst...

    Authors: Julio Arturo Canario Guzmán, Roberto Espinal, Jeannette Báez, Ricardo Elias Melgen, Patricia Antonia Pérez Rosario and Eddys Rafael Mendoza

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:82

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  27. Content type: Research

    The requirements of the health policy and services journals for authors to report their financial and non-financial conflicts of interest (COI) are unclear. The present article aims to assess the requirements ...

    Authors: Assem M. Khamis, Maram B. Hakoum, Lama Bou-Karroum, Joseph R. Habib, Ahmed Ali, Gordon Guyatt, Fadi El-Jardali and Elie A. Akl

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:80

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  28. Content type: Research

    The South African allied health (AH) primary healthcare (PHC) workforce is challenged with the complex rehabilitation needs of escalating patient numbers. The application of evidence-based care using clinical ...

    Authors: J. M. Dizon, K. Grimmer, Q. Louw, S. Machingaidze, H. Parker and H. Pillen

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:79

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  29. Content type: Research

    Preterm birth (PTB) is the leading cause of death in children under age five. Healthcare policy and other decision-making relevant to PTB may rely on obsolete, incomplete or inapplicable research evidence, lea...

    Authors: Hacsi Horvath, Claire D. Brindis, E. Michael Reyes, Gavin Yamey and Linda Franck

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:78

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  30. Content type: Research

    Groups or institutions funding or conducting systematic reviews in health policy and systems research (HPSR) should prioritise topics according to the needs of policymakers and stakeholders. The aim of this st...

    Authors: Elie A. Akl, Racha Fadlallah, Lilian Ghandour, Ola Kdouh, Etienne Langlois, John N. Lavis, Holger Schünemann and Fadi El-Jardali

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:77

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  31. Content type: Research

    Research capacity is scarce in low- and middle-income country (LMIC) settings. Social determinants of health research (SDH) is an area in which research capacity is lacking, particularly in Asian countries. SD...

    Authors: Farhad Ali, Arun Shet, Weirong Yan, Abdullah Al-Maniri, Salla Atkins and Henry Lucas

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:76

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  32. Content type: Research

    Decision-makers tend to make connections with researchers far too late in the game of public policy, expecting to find a retail store in which researchers are busy filling shop-front shelves with a comprehensi...

    Authors: Camille La Brooy and Margaret Kelaher

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:75

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  33. Content type: Research

    The need for sufficient and reliable funding to support health policy and systems research (HPSR) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) has been widely recognised. Currently, most resources to support su...

    Authors: Karen Ann Grépin, Crossley Beth Pinkstaff, Zubin Cyrus Shroff and Abdul Ghaffar

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:68

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  34. Content type: Research

    Obesity and non-communicable diseases are significant public health issues globally and particularly in the Pacific. Poor diet is a major contributor to this issue and policy change is a powerful lever to impr...

    Authors: Gade Waqa, Marj Moodie, Wendy Snowdon, Catherine Latu, Jeremaia Coriakula, Steven Allender and Colin Bell

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:74

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  35. Content type: Research

    In 1982, the Annals of Virology published a paper showing how Liberia has a highly endemic potential of Ebola warning health authorities of the risk for potential outbreaks; this journal is only available by subs...

    Authors: Elise Smith, Stefanie Haustein, Philippe Mongeon, Fei Shu, Valéry Ridde and Vincent Larivière

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:73

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  36. Content type: Research

    Recognising radical shifts in the global health research (GHR) environment, participants in a 2013 deliberative dialogue called for careful consideration of equity-centred principles that should inform Canadia...

    Authors: Katrina Plamondon, Dylan Walters, Sandy Campbell and Jennifer Hatfield

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:72

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  37. Content type: Study Protocol

    Biomedical Research Centres (BRCs) are partnerships between healthcare organisations and universities in England. Their mission is to generate novel treatments, technologies, diagnostics and other intervention...

    Authors: Trisha Greenhalgh, Pavel V. Ovseiko, Nick Fahy, Sara Shaw, Polly Kerr, Alexander D. Rushforth, Keith M. Channon and Vasiliki Kiparoglou

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:70

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  38. Content type: Research

    Chronic diseases are a serious and urgent problem, requiring at-scale, multi-component, multi-stakeholder action and cooperation. Despite numerous national frameworks and agenda-setting documents to coordinate...

    Authors: Sonia Wutzke, Nick Roberts, Cameron Willis, Allan Best, Andrew Wilson and William Trochim

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:69

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  39. Content type: Research

    Indigenous people in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States of America experience disproportionately poor mental health compared to their non-Indigenous counterparts. To optimally allocate resour...

    Authors: Cecily McIntyre, Meredith G. Harris, Amanda J. Baxter, Stuart Leske, Sandra Diminic, Joseph P. Gone, Ernest Hunter and Harvey Whiteford

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:67

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  40. Content type: Research

    As a well-known theory in studying the effective factors on behaviour, the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) is frequently used in evaluating the health behaviour of people and healthcare providers, but rarely...

    Authors: M. H. Imani-Nasab, B. Yazdizadeh, M. Salehi, H. Seyedin and R. Majdzadeh

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:66

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  41. Content type: Research

    The capacity to demand and use research is critical for governments if they are to develop policies that are informed by evidence. Existing tools designed to assess how government officials use evidence in dec...

    Authors: Daniela C. Rodríguez, Connie Hoe, Elina M. Dale, M. Hafizur Rahman, Sadika Akhter, Assad Hafeez, Wayne Irava, Preety Rajbangshi, Tamlyn Roman, Marcela Ţîrdea, Rouham Yamout and David H. Peters

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:65

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  42. Content type: Research

    For 20 years, substantial effort has been devoted to catalyse health policy and systems research (HPSR) to support vulnerable populations and resource-constrained regions through increased funding, institution...

    Authors: Krista M. English and Babak Pourbohloul

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:64

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  43. Content type: Research

    In 2010, the Italian Ministry of Health decided to start the planning process to elaborate the National Plan of Prevention 2010–2012 jointly with the 21 Regions. The National Institute of Health was responsibl...

    Authors: Angela Giusti, Alberto Perra and Flavia Lombardo

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:63

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  44. Content type: Research

    This paper is one of three linked studies that attempts to understand the process of institutionalisation of policy units within Burkina Faso’s health system. It examines the relationships between the existenc...

    Authors: Andre Zida, John N. Lavis, Nelson K. Sewankambo, Bocar Kouyate and Kaelan Moat

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15:62

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  45. Content type: Research

    The many forms of healthcare fee exemptions implemented in Burkina Faso since the 2000s have varied between total exemption (free) and cost subsidisation. This article examines both options, their contextual v...

    Authors: Maurice Yaogo

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15(Suppl 1):58

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 1

  46. Content type: Commentary

    West Africa has adopted numerous strategies to counter maternal and infant mortality, provides national maternal and infant health programmes, and hosts many active technical and financial partners and non-gov...

    Authors: Issiaka Sombie, Aissa Bouwayé, Yves Mongbo, Namoudou Keita, Virgil Lokossou, Ermel Johnson, Laurent Assogba and Xavier Crespin

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15(Suppl 1):53

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 1

  47. Content type: Introduction

    West Africa was the focus of global attention during the Ebola virus disease outbreak, when systemic health system weaknesses compounded a serious emergency and complicated response efforts. Following the cris...

    Authors: Sue Godt, Sharmila Mhatre and Anne-Marie Schryer-Roy

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15(Suppl 1):52

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 1

  48. Content type: Research

    The number of maternal deaths in sub-Saharan Africa continues to be overwhelmingly high. In West Africa, Sierra Leone leads the list, with the highest maternal mortality ratio. In 2010, financial barriers were...

    Authors: Manso M. Koroma, Samuel S. Kamara, Evelyn A. Bangura, Mohamed A. Kamara, Virgil Lokossou and Namoudou Keita

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2017 15(Suppl 1):49

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 1