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Table 1 Examples of the over 75 global health partnerships and initiatives attempting to improve coordination of effort among donors and between donors and countries

From: What can global health institutions do to help strengthen health systems in low income countries?

Global/regional level
Signed Agreements Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness (2005) Harmonization of donors and alignment with national priorities Indicators for Monitoring & Evaluation
  International Health Partnership Global Compact (2007) Improving coordination on national health plans
  The 'Three Ones' Harmonization and alignment in HIV/AIDS. UNAIDS, the Global Fund, and other agencies.
• one agreed HIV/AIDS action framework which provides the basis for coordinating the work of all partners;
• one national HIV/AIDS coordinating authority with a broad-based multi-sectoral mandate;
• one agreed country-level system for monitoring and evaluation.
  Global Task Team on Improving AIDS Coordination among Multilateral Institutions and International Donors (2005)  
  Global Implementation Support Team (2007)  
Processes Health 8 agencies (H8) Gates Foundation, GFATM, GAVI Alliance, WB, WHO, UNAIDS, UN Population Fund, UNICEF have 6 monthly informal meetings to discuss coordination and aid effectiveness issues. Agreed in July 2007 to a coordinated health systems strengthening effort, playing a central role in co-ordination of IHP+.
  Global Campaign for the Health MDGs (26 September 2007) ■ The International Health Partnership
■ The Catalytic Initiative (November 2007), by Canada and UNICEF
■ Results-Based Financing Initiative (November 2007), by Norway and the World Bank.
■ Providing for Health Initiative on social health protection, 2008, by Germany and France
■ Global Leaders Network
■ Deliver Now for Women and Children
  International Health Partnership and Related Initiatives (IHP+) (2007) Interagency Core Team (based in WHO & WB: and the Harmonisation for Health in Africa, based in WHO's Africa Regional Office) Scaling-up Reference Group - SURG (representatives of the H-8 agencies, civil society and development partners)
  Global Health Workforce Alliance  
  Health Metrics Network  
  Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health  
  Medicines Transparency Alliance (MeTA)  
  Disease specific coordination mechanisms e.g. Stop TB Alliance, and Roll Back Malaria
National level SWAps  
  PRSps (health system interventions integrated in a poverty reduction strategies)
  IHP+ country compacts  
  Country Coordinating Mechanisms for GF  
  One-UN, 2007 (all UN agencies under one roof, a lead agency, one budgetary framework)
  UN 'cluster approach' In emergency settings/chronic conflict whereby one UN agency is responsible for taking the lead in coordination with the government.