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Table 2 Household and village characteristics

From: Effect of household and village characteristics on financial catastrophe and impoverishment due to health care spending in Western and Central Rural China: A multilevel analysis

Variables Values
Independent Variables   
Household level - household head characteristics (N = 3,319)
   Gender Male (%) 83.9
  Female (%) 16.1
   Age (Mean, SD)   49.9 (±12.2)
Ethnicity Han (%) 96.1
  Other (%) 3.9
Education level None (%) 19.0
  Primary school (%) 39.3
  Junior high school (%) 35.1
  Senior high school or above (%) 6.7
Occupation Farmer (%) 85.6
  Non-farmer (%) 8.4
  Unemployed (%) 5.8
Household level - income, health status, insurance status and hospitalization (N = 3,319)
Per capita income (1,000 Yuan, median and IQR) 4.9 (3.3-7.4)
Size (Mean, SD) 3.3 (±1.4)
Proportion of members aged over 65 (%) 0.1 (±0.3)
Proportion of Members aged under 5 (%) 0.03 (±0.09)
Members with serious chronic illness (%) 31.0
Hospitalized members (%) 17.1
NRCMS participant (%) 91.2
Village level (N = 97)  
Number of households, median and IQR 23.8 (14.1-36.4)
Per capita annual income (×1,000 Yuan, Mean, SD) 2.0 (±1.3)
Adult illiteracy rate (%) 25.8 (±14.3)
Distance from village to town health center
(Kilometers, median and IQR)
6 (3.0-10.0)
Distance from village to county hospital
(Kilometers, median and IQR)
48 (29-75)
With village health clinic (%) 53.6
Mountainous village (%) 45.4
Dependent Variables  
Average percentage of catastrophic health payment(N = 3,319) 18.4
Average percentage of households impoverished by health spending (N = 3,077)* 12.0
  1. Δ NRCMS: New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme
  2. * Number of non-poor households before health payment
  3. † SD: Standard deviation
  4. ‡ IQR: Inter-quarter Range