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Table 2 Household and village characteristics

From: Effect of household and village characteristics on financial catastrophe and impoverishment due to health care spending in Western and Central Rural China: A multilevel analysis

Variables

Values

Independent Variables

  

Household level - household head characteristics (N = 3,319)

   Gender

Male (%)

83.9

 

Female (%)

16.1

   Age (Mean, SD)

 

49.9 (±12.2)

Ethnicity

Han (%)

96.1

 

Other (%)

3.9

Education level

None (%)

19.0

 

Primary school (%)

39.3

 

Junior high school (%)

35.1

 

Senior high school or above (%)

6.7

Occupation

Farmer (%)

85.6

 

Non-farmer (%)

8.4

 

Unemployed (%)

5.8

Household level - income, health status, insurance status and hospitalization (N = 3,319)

Per capita income (1,000 Yuan, median and IQR)

4.9 (3.3-7.4)

Size (Mean, SD)

3.3 (±1.4)

Proportion of members aged over 65 (%)

0.1 (±0.3)

Proportion of Members aged under 5 (%)

0.03 (±0.09)

Members with serious chronic illness (%)

31.0

Hospitalized members (%)

17.1

NRCMS participant (%)

91.2

Village level (N = 97)

 

Number of households, median and IQR

23.8 (14.1-36.4)

Per capita annual income (×1,000 Yuan, Mean, SD)

2.0 (±1.3)

Adult illiteracy rate (%)

25.8 (±14.3)

Distance from village to town health center

(Kilometers, median and IQR)

6 (3.0-10.0)

Distance from village to county hospital

(Kilometers, median and IQR)

48 (29-75)

With village health clinic (%)

53.6

Mountainous village (%)

45.4

Dependent Variables

 

Average percentage of catastrophic health payment(N = 3,319)

18.4

Average percentage of households impoverished by health spending (N = 3,077)*

12.0

  1. Δ NRCMS: New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme
  2. * Number of non-poor households before health payment
  3. † SD: Standard deviation
  4. ‡ IQR: Inter-quarter Range