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Table 2 Domains of research impact definitions

From: How do we define the policy impact of public health research? A systematic review

Domain Summary of domain, including keywords and count across definitionsa (n = 108) Count across constructs in domain (n)
Contribution Specific areas of focus, including economy (72), society (58), policies (56), environment (52), culture (51), health (49), quality of life (43), services (42), community (24), organisations (24), practices (18), security (9) 465
Avenues The different elements and processes by which research can have impact, including academic (scholarly) (36) activities (24), knowledge (22), understanding (19), processes (17), excellent research (16), attitudes (13), awareness (10), funding (6), ideas (4) 184
Change Synonyms of impact evident in definitions, including benefit (58), change (39), effect (36), contribution (29), negative (consequences) or harm (6), positive returns (6), (reduction of) risk (2) 138
Levels Scale or sphere of impact that research evidence can have, including individual (20), national (19), international (14), local (10), global (9), regional (9) 81
  1. aWhere keywords were repeated in a definition, they were only counted once