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Table 1 Characteristics of KT interventions (sample extract of four eligible studies)

From: Evidence map of knowledge translation strategies, outcomes, facilitators and barriers in African health systems

Study author and date Country Underlying theory KT intervention typea KT strategies Participants Personnel Reported contextual factors
Bennett et al. 2012 [103] Multinational – Ghana, South Africa, Uganda NR Integrated efforts Research reports and publications (indirect)
Verbal briefings
Policy briefs
Conducting policy-relevant research and analysis
Providing policy advice and technical assistance in policy formulation and evaluation
Conducting policy dialogues at national level
Policy-makers, donors, NGOs Members of research institutes NR
Delany-Moretlwe et al. 2011 [104] South Africa NR Exchange efforts Building credibility through linkages – community advisory boards, community consultation workshop, monthly meetings
Multiple means of communication – drama, music, radio and community eventsSMSFace-to-face meetings, telephonically, email (especially with policy-makers)
Interdisciplinary workshops
Researchers NR Disease burden, health system organisation, socio-political context of South Africa
Guieu et al. 2016 [72] Multinational – Kenya, Mozambique, South Africa, Burkina Faso, Malawi NR Exchange efforts A ‘work package’ of translation activities, including strong involvement of stakeholders through inviting policy-makers to open meetings, key-informant interviews with policy-makers, workshops with policy-makers, fora for policy-maker feedback on research projects, policy advisory boards at each site, stakeholder workshops, policy recommendations in formats adapted to policy-maker needs Researchers NR Importance of context noted, but not described,LMIC settings – resource constrained
Hennink and Stephenson 2005 [105] Multinational – Malawi, Tanzania Models of research utilisation –rational, incremental and political models Push efforts Workshops
Research report distributed
Academic channels (journals, conference presentations)
Health researchers, policy-makers and practitioners NR NR
  1. aAccording to Lavis et al. [56] push–pull–integrated–exchange model
  2. NR not reported