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Table 3 Descriptive overview

From: A scoping review of the uses and institutionalisation of knowledge for health policy in low- and middle-income countries

  Total (n, %)
Types of knowledge
 Scientific (epistemic) 37 (72%)
 Technical (pragmatic, skill based) 10 (19%)
 Unspecified 10 (19%)
Source of knowledge
 Research 27 (51%)
 Routine data collection 15 (28%)
 Survey data 12 (23%)
 Advice 11 (23%)
 Economic evaluation 4 (8%)
 Reports 4 (8%)
 Civic participation 4 (8%)
Actors
 Health officials 43 (81%)
 Civil society 21 (40%)
 International stakeholders 19 (36%)
 Academics 17 (32%)
 In-country programmes or projects 12 (25%)
 Technical advisory groups 11 (21%)
 Think tanks 2 (4%)
 Media 2 (4%)
 Unspecified 2 (4%)
Dimensions of institutionalisation
 Normative (certification, accreditation, norm) 46 (89%)
 Cultural–cognitive (beliefs, axioms, scripts) 16 (30%)
 Regulative (rules, laws, sanctions) 8 (15%)
Demonstrated outcomes and impacts
 Health system outcomes 24 (45%)
 Health impacts 7 (13%)