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Table 3 Descriptive overview

From: A scoping review of the uses and institutionalisation of knowledge for health policy in low- and middle-income countries

 Total (n, %)
Types of knowledge
 Scientific (epistemic)37 (72%)
 Technical (pragmatic, skill based)10 (19%)
 Unspecified10 (19%)
Source of knowledge
 Research27 (51%)
 Routine data collection15 (28%)
 Survey data12 (23%)
 Advice11 (23%)
 Economic evaluation4 (8%)
 Reports4 (8%)
 Civic participation4 (8%)
Actors
 Health officials43 (81%)
 Civil society21 (40%)
 International stakeholders19 (36%)
 Academics17 (32%)
 In-country programmes or projects12 (25%)
 Technical advisory groups11 (21%)
 Think tanks2 (4%)
 Media2 (4%)
 Unspecified2 (4%)
Dimensions of institutionalisation
 Normative (certification, accreditation, norm)46 (89%)
 Cultural–cognitive (beliefs, axioms, scripts)16 (30%)
 Regulative (rules, laws, sanctions)8 (15%)
Demonstrated outcomes and impacts
 Health system outcomes24 (45%)
 Health impacts7 (13%)