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Table 2 Reported factors that influence knowledge translation (KT) as reported by low- and middle-income country (LMIC) researchers

From: Review of published evidence on knowledge translation capacity, practice and support among researchers and research institutions in low- and middle-income countries

 Papers citing issue
Research use
 Research not always used to inform policy and practice decisions[48,49,50,51,52,53,54,55,56]
 Examples of LMIC researchers successfully getting evidence used[43, 48, 49]
Factors influencing KT
 Researchers’ reputation/credibility/contextual understanding[32, 49, 50, 57,58,59,60,61,62,63,64,65,66,67,68, 127]
 Relevance and credibility of research evidence[32, 49, 50, 53, 54, 58, 60, 62,63,64,65,66,67, 70,71,72, 127]
 Contrasting views, demands and incentives among researchers and policy-makers in relation to research, its use, policy actor roles and policy-making[32, 49, 50, 57, 59,60,61, 67, 70, 73,74,75,76,77,78]
 Nature of policy issues (technical versus contested versus interest of policy-maker)[49, 58,59,60,61,62, 67, 70, 76, 79]
 Political context[32, 48,49,50,51, 53, 58, 59, 62, 64, 67, 80, 81, 127]
 Decision-makers’ research background[51, 55, 57, 65, 77]
 Donor influence[51, 54, 55, 57,58,59,60, 70, 71, 127]
 International influence, e.g. WHO[54, 58, 59, 65, 67, 70, 71, 75, 77, 80, 82,83,84]
  1. Table illustrates extent of use of research and factors influencing use of research that were commonly cited by researchers in the studies included in the review. A listed factor was considered commonly cited if it was reported in three or more studies