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Table 6 Group analysis of the frameworks

From: The usability and applicability of knowledge translation theories, models, and frameworks for research in the context of a national health service







Barwick planning tool

Good for dissemination for completed research but not for continuum

Useful for research design from perspective of dissemination

Not useful for implementation

Missing prioritization

Widely used in different settings

Focuses on implementation stages

Has its own jargon

Terminology not clear

Suitable for quality improvement projects/specific use

Change management style

Addresses needs and priorities

Good for quality improvement projects

Focuses on implementation

Widely used, range of stakeholders

Engagement with stakeholders not clear


Cycle—all stages

Easy to follow but needs guidance on use

Specifics missing

Widely used, suitable for clinical settings

Resource-intensive—needs facilitators

More for implementation


Transferable for different disciplines

Contains good components

Addresses continuum and sustainability

Includes patients/stakeholders

Useful for design, dissemination, and implementation

Has practical orientation

Does not focus on Knowledge Exchange

Useful and practical for researchers

Concentrates on KT

Focuses on design, not on implementation

Great tool but not a TMF