Skip to main content

Table 8 Estimates with their standard errors of the ARIMA models for the years 1995 to 2017 for the Russia Federation

From: Future health spending forecast in leading emerging BRICS markets in 2030: health policy implications

  Health
spending
per capita ($)
Health
spending
per GDP (%)
Source of health spending Share of health spending
    Government
spending
per capita ($)
Prepaid
private spending
per capita ($)
Out-of-pocket spending per capita ($) Government
spending as share of total (%)
Prepaid
private spending as
share of total (%)
Out-of-pocket spending as share of total (%)
Model ARIMA(0,1,1) ARIMA(1,0,0) ARIMA(1,1,) ARIMA(0,1,1) ARIMA(1,1,0) ARIMA(2,0,0) ARIMA(1,1,0) ARIMA(1,1,0)
Estimates (SE) MA1 = 0.37 (0.19) AR1 = 0.77 (0.12)
Mean = 5.18 (0.18)
AR1 = 0.55 (0.17) MA1 = 0.89 (0.17) AR1 = 0.45 (0.20) AR1 = 1.81(0.06)
AR2 = −0.93(0.06)
Mean = 61.62(0.82)
AR1 = 0.79 (0.11) AR1 = 0.48 (0.18)
Drift = 0.67 (0.22)
  1. ARIMA(p,d,q): Autoregressive integrated moving average model and (p,d,q) are the autoregressive order, the degree of differencing and the moving average order
  2. SE: standard error
  3. AR: Autoregressive parameter
  4. MA: Moving average parameter